20th century


November 28, 2021

The twentieth century begins in the year 1901 and ends in the year 2000 inclusive.


It is the second century of the contemporary age, a century characterized by the Russian revolution, the two world wars and totalitarian regimes, interspersed with the great depression of the 29th in the first half of the century and the third industrial revolution up to the era of globalization in the second half. .


1900-1902: Second Boer War. 1901: the first Nobel prizes are awarded. September 14, 1901: US President William McKinley is assassinated. He is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt. November 3, 1903: Panama: independence from Colombia. December 9, 1902 - Venezuela: the Venezuelan Crisis begins: Venezuelan naval blockade by European forces following the refusal to pay the foreign debt December 17, 1903 - Kitty Hawk: Wright brothers' first powered flight, US engineers, with the Wright Flyer. Cycling: the Tour de France (1903) and the Giro d'Italia (1909) are born. 1904-1905: Russo-Japanese War 1904-1907: herero wars in Africa April 18, 1906: the San Francisco earthquake devastates the city. August 1, 1907 - Isle of Brownsea, England: the Scouting movement is founded by the English general and educator Robert Baden-Powell. September 22, 1908: Bulgaria becomes independent from the Ottoman Empire. December 28, 1908: the Messina earthquake claimed between 90,000 and 120,000 victims. February 23, 1909: International Women's Day is held in the United States for the first time.


October 5, 1910 - Portugal: the constitutional monarchy ends and the First Portuguese Republic is established. November 20, 1910: start of the Mexican revolution which led to the promulgation of a new constitution: celebrated with the Día de la Revolución Mexicana 1910-1917: Mexican Revolution. December 16, 1910: the first jet plane is born, the Coandă-1910, designed by the Romanian engineer Henri Coandă. October 10, 1911: start of the Xinhai revolution in China led by Sun Yat-sen which leads to the overthrow of the Chinese empire of the Qing dynasty and the proclamation of the Republic of China. December 14, 1911: Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen is the first man to reach the South Pole. 1911-1912: Italian-Turkish war April 14, 1912: the British liner RMS Titanic collides with an iceberg and sinks within hours. 1 518 people die. November 28, 1912: day of Albanian independence from the Ottoman Empire. 1912-1913: Balkan wars 2 August 1913: first ascent of Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece, by the Greek Christos Kakkalos and the Swiss Frederic Boissonas and Daniel Baud-Bovy 9 September 1913: first loop of the loop made with a plane, by the Russian pilot Pëtr Nesterov: it is the day of the looping. 23 September 1913: first non-stop air flight in the Mediterranean in 7 hours and 53 minutes, carried out by the French aviator Roland Garros. June 28, 1914: Archduke Francesco Ferdinand of Austria dies victim of an attack in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a young Serbian anarchist; ultimatum to Serbia and outbreak of the First World War. 1914-1918: World War I August 5, 1914: The first electrically illuminated traffic light is installed in Cleveland, USA, at the corner of 105th Street East and Euclid Avenue. December 8, 1914: Battle of the Falklands between British forces and the German fleet: British victory. 1914-1923: Assyrian genocide and genocide of the Pontus Greeks by the Ottoman Empire. April 24, 1915 - Armenian Genocide: start of the deportations and eliminations of Armenians by the Ottoman Empire. April 25, 1915: first landing of Australian and New Zealand soldiers in Gallipoli (Turkey): it is commemorated on ANZAC Day. May 7, 1915: the British liner RMS Lusitania is torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-20; 1,198 people die. 24

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