Asian Americans are citizens of the United States of America who are of Asian origin.
A person of Asian descent who has American citizenship. As of 2019, the majority are Chinese, accounting for 23% of Asians. Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, Koreans, and Japanese follow.
People of Pacific Island origin are also called Asian/Pacific American (APA) or Asian/Pacific Islander (API) or Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI).
Asian Americans have different histories for different ethnic groups.
The earliest Asian immigrants were of Filipino descent and arrived in the 16th century, before the American independence, by ship from Spain, the colonial power at the time.
Chinese immigration surged in the 19th century, and in 1882 the U.S. government enacted the Chinese Exclusion Act. After that, as the number of immigrants from Japan increased, the Anti-Japanese Land Law (Foreigner Land Law) was enacted in California in 1913, restricting the use of land by Japanese immigrants. Furthermore, in 1924, the Anti-Japanese Immigration Law was enacted to restrict Japanese immigration, and the relationship between Japan and the United States worsened.
When World War II broke out in 1939, the Chinese Exclusion Law was abolished because China was an ally, and in 1942 the internment of Japanese Americans began. After World War II ended in 1945, the internment was not lifted until 1946. In 1952, the Immigration and Nationality Act was enacted.
The civil rights movement of black people in the 1960s, the black power movement, stimulated the movement to expand the civil rights of Asian Americans (yellow power movement). However, many movements disbanded with the end of the Vietnam War.
In 1982, the murder of Vincent Chin in the midst of trade friction between Japan and the United States triggered the promotion of the rights of Asian Americans.
In 2020, with the spread of the new coronavirus infection, the damage of hate crimes against Chinese Americans has occurred one after another. Hate crimes triggered by the spread of the new coronavirus infection have not only been cases in which white people are perpetrators, but also many cases in which black people are perpetrators.
In March 2014, California Senator Leland Yee was arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for allegedly colluding with the Chinatown Mafia for gun trafficking, extortion and bribery.
Asian Americans are the most economically successful in the nation by origin. According to a survey by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission released in March 2012, the average annual income per household is $53,401 for Asians, $50,349 for whites, $49,873 for Hispanics, and $44,333 for blacks. Asians hold the top spot.
They are said to be second class, higher than African Americans and Hispanic Americans and lower than European Americans. Because African Americans benefited from a white supremacist society, which is the lowest class, solidarity among the same minority was poor and they were targeted in the Los Angeles riots.
Notable Asian Americans
George Ariyoshi - Nisei. Former Governor of Hawaii. First Asian governor.
Daniel Inouye - Second generation Japanese. Senate President pro tempore.
Ben Cayetano - Filipino. Former Governor of Hawaii.
Bobby Jindal - Inn