Africa

Article

July 5, 2022

Africa (Latin: Āfrica, English: Africa) is a general term for regions including islands and sea areas such as the continent of Africa and the surrounding islands of Madagascar, and is one of the six major states. Ashu. The Chinese character notation is Afurika.

Overview

Geographically, it is located in the south of Europe across the Mediterranean Sea. It is also the only continent with a large area on both the north and south sides of the equator, and there are various climatic regions associated with it. With an area of ​​30.37 million square kilometers, it occupies 6% of the earth's surface, 20.4% of the total land area, a population of about 1.2 billion, and 14.72% of the world's population. As of March 2011, there are 54 independent countries including the islands (55 countries including Western Sahara). The economic growth rate is about 5.0% in 2010, and the 2011 forecast is 5.5%. Africa is considered to be of human origin from the African origin theory, fossils of Homo sapiens 200,000 years ago were discovered in Ethiopia, and the world heritage South African fossil archaeological site is called the birthplace of humankind. There is. Africa was once called the "dark continent" by European nations as a wilderness, but it was not known to Europe (or refused to acknowledge its existence) and was actually older than Europe. There was history and civilization. In the geographic division of Africa, the Saharan Desert is a major boundary, and the area south of the Saharan Desert is sometimes called "Sub-Saharan Africa". There are also divisions into North Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, and West Africa.

Etymology

Initially, it was a term that refers to the area north of the Sahara Desert. The exact etymology is not clear, but the prevailing theory is presumed to be "Afri", which refers to the Semitic tribes that lived in northern Africa near Carthage, which is now Tunisia. The word is often associated with the Phoenician word "afar" (meaning "dust"), but in 1981 the hypothesis was put forward that the Berber word "ifri" for "cave dwellers" was changed. .. These "afar", "ifri" and "Afri" are the Amazighs who live in present-day Algeria and Libya. Another theory is that the Carthaginians used a variant or transliteration of faraqa (meaning colony) and that it was derived from the indigenous tribe Afer (plural Ifei). Various other hypotheses have been proposed, with historian Leo Africanus (1488-1554) denying the Greek word "phrike (φρίκη)" (meaning "cold" or "scary"). He claimed that the prefix a- (α-), which means, was overlaid and became "aphrike (Αφρική)", which means that there is no cold or fear. Gerald Massey also announced in 1881 the hypothesis that the Egyptian word "af-rui-ka" was the etymology. According to it, "af-rui-ka" means "return to the beginning of the car". This "car" is the etymology of both "all people" and "womb / birthplace" in the usage of the beginning of the car. For Egyptians, Africa really means "where they were born." Regardless of the theory of origin, when Carthage became an African state in Roman times, "Africa terra" ("-ca" is an adjective suffix feminine form), which means "African land" in Latin. The word form "Africa" ​​was born from. This is the direct beginning of the current word "Africa". After that, as human knowledge about the sub-Saharan desert spread, it became the name of one continent including the north and south of the Sahara desert. Irish woman