U.S. Forces

Article

January 18, 2022

The United States Armed Forces (United States Armed Forces) is an army owned by the United States. US Army, US Army, USAF. From six services, including the United States Army, the United States Navy, the United States Air Force, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Space Force, and the United States Coast Guard, which also serves as a law enforcement agency mainly for maritime security during normal times. All of these are included in the eight military services of the United States. As for the Army and Air Force, there are the Federal Army, which is usually under the command of the Federal Government, and the National Guard, which is under the command of the Governor and is transferred to the Federal Army as needed. The state defense forces of each state government are not normally included in the US military because they are not under the command of the federal government. The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces is the President of the United States, who works with the United States Department of Defense (DoD) and the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in the United States Federal Administration to determine military policy.

Overview

The US military has played a decisive role in the history of the United States since its birth. As a result of the victory in the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War, a sense of national unity and identity was created. It played an important role in the American Civil War and continued to serve as an American army, but many of its officers refused to join the Separatist forces of the Military forces of the Confederate States. The National Security Act of 1947, adopted after World War II, built the framework of the modern US military. The law established the National Military Establishment, led by the Secretary of Defense, and the Department of the Air Force and the National Security Council. Revised in 1949, the National Military Establishment was renamed the Department of Defense, and the Cabinet-level Ministry of the Army, Ministry of the Navy, and Ministry of Air Force were integrated into the Department of Defense. The US military is one of the largest troops in terms of personnel. The soldiers consist of a large number of paid volunteers. The conscription system has been in place for some time, but has not been in place since 1973, and the Selective Service System retains the authority to recruit men, all men residing between the ages of 18 and 25. It is intended for citizens and residents. However, on February 22, 2019, the Federal District Court ruled that "it is unconstitutional to enroll only men in the selective conscription system" (National Coalition for Men v. Selective Service System). The proceedings are still pending. The US military is considered the most powerful army in the world. The United States' military budget is US $ 693.0 billion in 2019, the highest in the world. In 2018, it accounted for 36% of global defense spending (see also "en: List of countries by military spending"). Due to the huge budget of the U.S. military, it has important capabilities for both defense and power projection, creating advanced and powerful technology that can be deployed extensively around the world, including about 800 military bases abroad. ing. The United States Navy is the largest air force in the world, the United States Navy is the world's largest navy in tons, and the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps together are the second largest air force in the world. In terms of scale, the United States Coast Guard is the 12th largest maritime force in the world. As of fiscal year 2019, the United States has 14,061 aircraft in its military stockpile. The following six points are mentioned as the characteristics of the US military.

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