England

Article

January 18, 2022

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland National slogan: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my rights) National Anthem: God Save the Queen (English) God Save the Queen Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain (English: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), commonly known as the United Kingdom, is located on the northwestern coast of the European continent, Great Britain, northeastern Ireland. A constitutional sovereign nation consisting of many other islands. The capital is London. In the English-speaking world, it is abbreviated as United Kingdom, which is abbreviated as U.K., UK. Britain and the United Kingdom (Eikoku) are examples of common names and popular names in Japanese (→ # country name).

Overview

Four historically-based countries (“countries”), England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, form a personal union-type sovereign state. In addition, it belonged to the European Union (abbreviation: EU) until January 31, 2020, but withdrew (Brexit). The United Kingdom is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and a developed country participating in the G7 and G20. It is also an original member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Council of Europe. It is one of the five official nuclear-weapon states authorized by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and has strong military power. Since 1815, when the Concert of Europe was established, it is one of the most influential nations in the world. As of 2020, GDP has a large market that is ranked 5th in the world in nominal GDP and 9th in the world in purchasing power parity, both of which are within the 10th place in the world. It is a country. It is considered a developed country with a high human development index. It was also the birthplace of the basic systems of modern nations such as democracy, the constitutional monarchy, and the parliamentary system, and was the setting for various historical events such as the Puritan Revolution, the Glorious Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution. It is the homeland of scientists and artists such as Shakespeare, Darwin, Newton, Cook, Faraday, and Fleming, and is the nation that produced the Beatles even today. English, which is becoming an "international common language" in business and politics, is the origin of England. John Bull and Britannia are known as anthropomorphic British.

Country name

The official name is in English, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In Japanese, there are cases of "Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Northern Ireland" (legal text, etc.) and "Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Northern Ireland" (treaty text, etc.). The abbreviations in English are "United Kingdom" and "UK". The common name in Japanese is "UK" or "UK", but in rare cases, "United Kingdom", which is a direct translation of "United Kingdom", is used. "British" is used in current official texts, and "British" is often used colloquially. The "United Kingdom" was used in the legal text until 2003. "England" is derived from the Portuguese adjective "inglez, inglês" related to England, and has its origins in the arrival of the Portuguese during the Warring States period. Regardless of the original meaning

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