The Royal Navy (Royal Navy) is the Royal Navy. Also referred to as the Royal Navy and the Royal Navy.
In English, when the name is simply "Royal Navy" without a country name, it usually refers to the Royal Navy. Navy originally meant a fleet, a fleet owned by the King of England, but eventually came to mean the entire organization of England's naval forces. The name "Royal Navy" was given in 1660, but Britain became the United Kingdom in 1707. In other words, in Japan, "Royal Navy" before 1707 or "Navy" before that is also described as "Royal Navy", but these should be originally called the Royal Navy (other than being a member of the Union). The three countries of Ireland, Scotland and Wales are irrelevant).
The Royal Navy designation is used to refer to a collection of three active fleets: the Surface Fleet, the Submarine Service, and the Fleet Air Arm. In addition to these three active fleets, the name "Naval Service" (Navy) is used to refer to the concept of including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and the Royal Naval Reserve. Will be. However, even in English-speaking countries, it is often referred to as Royal Navy, which refers to naval services, unless it is necessary to classify the concept very strictly, such as in official documents. In either case, the name does not include the country name, but it is not omitted, and the one that does not include it is the official name.
The Royal Thai Army was the oldest of the British Army and was one of the largest navies in the world from the beginning of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century. Unlike the Army, which is basically the highest rank in each country's army, the Royal Navy is referred to as the "Senior Service", and although it is formal, it is higher than the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy. It is said that there is.
From 1815 to the late 1930s, it played the most important role in the process of establishing the "British Empire" as a globally influential organization. In World War II, the Navy owned about 900 ships. During the Cold War, it was reorganized primarily into an anti-submarine battleship, mostly on alert missions at the GIUK Gap, while retaining the foreign expeditionary capabilities it showed in the Suez turmoil and the Falklands War. However, since the beginning of the 21st century, the role of anti-submarine warfare has declined relatively due to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
As of 2020, it possesses the only nuclear weapons among the three British troops, and is a well-balanced fleet of aircraft carriers, dock landing ships, ballistic missile submarines, nuclear submarines, missile destroyers, frigates, anti-thunder ships, patrol ships, and auxiliary ships. Consists of.
Fixed-wing carrier-based aircraft, including VTOL aircraft, have been retired due to lack of budget, etc., and the state of lacking full-scale offshore air force has continued for several years. It is scheduled to be acquired in 2020.
Since Britain is an island country, the history of the Navy is relatively old. It seems that the Navy mainly owned sailing vessels and did not use galleys. He has often fought naval battles in foreign wars and won many of them. From the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, British ships traveled everywhere in the world and were unparalleled as the world's number one navy.
World War I to II