Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force (English: Royal Air Force) is the Royal Air Force owned by the United Kingdom. There are abbreviations such as RAF and R.A.F. In Japanese, it is also written as the Royal Air Force and the Royal Air Force.
Independent as part of the British Army on April 1, 1918. The RAF is the world's longest-established Air Force, with approximately 793 aircraft and 34,200 troops.
Its mission is to achieve the Ministry of Defense's objectives, specifically to ensure the security and defense of Britain and its foreign territories, especially to support the government's foreign policy in promoting international peace and security. To provide the capabilities needed for them.
RAF was founded on April 1, 1918 during World War I by the fusion of the Army Air Corps and the Naval Air Corps with the help of Hugh Trenchard (later the first Viscount Trenchard). The Naval Air Force was a unit of the same rank as the Royal Navy, and the Army Air Force was a division of the engineer corps under the jurisdiction of the British Army, but the air power turned out to be decisive in World War I. Decided to establish an independent air force. At that time, the formation of the Independent Air Force was a pioneering attempt, and trial and error was carried out in which all aircraft operations were unified into the Air Force, and the aircraft carrier of the MTF was operated by the Navy and the carrier-based aircraft was operated by the Air Force, but that inefficiency was achieved. Due to its nature, the carrier-based aircraft was returned to the Navy in 1936, greatly reducing its strength. The Air Force was relatively peaceful and engaged in simple security missions until the beginning of the next war.
Before World War II, the number of pilots and aircraft was expanded at a rapid pace, and in the Battle of Britain, the Luftwaffe and RAF tried to gain air superiority in the British mainland and the Dover Strait in order to invade the British mainland (Operation Sea Lion). The clash struck the greatest challenge for the Luftwaffe in the summer of 1940. RAF maintained air superiority despite suffering from a shortage of crew, and contributed significantly to changing the course of the war. The RAF's greatest effort is the strategic bombing of Germany by the Bomber Command. The Bomber Command destroyed the industrial areas and cities of Nazi Germany by bombing and indirectly contributed to the reduction of Allied casualties. The Coastal Corps had rented aircraft from the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm in addition to the Air Force, but initially only old-fashioned aircraft were supplied and licked the German Navy's U-boats.
In the Korean War, a flying boat unit was dispatched to support the United Nations forces, and in the Second Middle East War (Suez Crisis), aircraft were dispatched from Cyprus and Malta to play a major role, but due to the decline of the British Empire. Global operations were curtailed and the RAF Far East Air Force was disbanded on October 31, 1971. Also, for a long period of the Cold War, the RAF played a role in defending against the Soviet Union's nuclear weapons with strategic bomber nuclear deterrence, but the Navy was introduced with submarine-launched ballistic missiles and handed over its duties.
In the Falklands War that began in 1982, the battlefield was far from the air force bases of friendly countries, so the Royal Navy and the Royal Army became the main force, but the RAF Harrier was also mounted on the Navy's aircraft carrier and recruited container ships. , Provided close-range air support in the Falklands Islands. Avro His Vulcan bombers and Victor tanker aircraft also deployed to Ascension Island for the famous Operation Black Buck.
Even in recent years when the Cold War ended, there were more than 100 RAFs in the 1991 Gulf War.