British Army

Article

May 21, 2022

The British Army (British Army) is the Army of the United Kingdom. Currently, it constitutes the British Army together with the Navy and Air Force.

History

Overview

The British Army defends mainland Britain or Northern Ireland and other foreign territories (Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, but is "overseas" in the British Army's regional divisions) from military threats, including terrorism. To participate in NATO's joint defense, to engage in conflict intervention and peacekeeping activities outside NATO, and to support local governments, including those in the non-military field, if necessary. Is the mission. Originally, Britain was an island nation, and geopolitically speaking, it was in an environment that was not easily threatened by ground troops, and even during World War II, it was not invaded by landing on the mainland of Britain. Therefore, historically and modernly, the British Army has basically focused on overseas activities, and the defense of the mainland of Britain is a secondary mission in most times. Also, as a matter of fact, even if the worst situation occurs in the foreseeable future, it is impossible to think that the mainland of Britain will be invaded by foreign troops, so this tendency is still present today. It hasn't changed. Most of the British Army's actual combat deployment units are stationed overseas, or even if they are stationed in Japan, most of them are supposed to be deployed overseas, and the units dedicated to mainland defense are the Army Reserve (TA: Territorial). Army) is the main force of the two-line class unit by the reserve unit. However, anti-terrorism activities are another matter, such as the establishment of a special reconnaissance regiment, which is a HUMINT unit, in order to respond to the bomb terrorism by the Provisional Irish Republican due to the conflict in Northern Ireland and the threat of Islamic terrorists in recent years. Measures are rather strengthened. Also, regarding joint defense activities as a member of NATO, the military threat from outside NATO to NATO has decreased significantly (at least compared to the Cold War period), and at the same time, Western Europe has undergone a significant numerical reduction. A qualitative shift is being made from a force aimed at armored warfare in a full-scale war situation in the continental region to a force aimed at intervening in regional conflicts.

Name

Unlike the Navy and Air Force, the British Army does not have the letters "Royal" or "Royal" in its name, and the official name of the Army is "British". This is a single permanent army in which the Navy and Air Force belong to the King and Queen under the Royal Prerogative, that is, the Head of State (and the central government symbolized by the Head of State), while the Army is a legislature. This is due to the fact that it was temporarily convened and organized with the permission of a parliament, and that each regiment also had a non-King Colonnel-in-Chief. However, this is a time-honored premise that is often seen in Britain, and in reality, the Navy, Army, and Air Force are all "armies of the British state" under strict civilian control. Nonetheless, the British Army has unique characteristics that are rare for modern troops in other countries, such as the strong uniqueness of each regiment. Also, since the Bill of Rights was established after the Glorious Revolution that occurred after the English Civil War and the Republican era, it has been in peacetime in Britain without the permission of Parliament.