Israel

Article

November 28, 2021

Israel מדינת ישראל دولة إسرائيل Country slogan: unknown National Anthem: התקווה (Hebrew) Hope Israel (Israel bodied, Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Arabic: دولة إسرائيل, English: State of Israel: [ɪzrɪəl, ɪzreɪəl]), commonly known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל) is a republic located in Western Asia Nation. It borders Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, the West Bank and Gaza Strip of the Palestinian Autonomous Region to the east and west, and Egypt to the southwest. The real capital is Tel Aviv, the economic and technological center. On the other hand, although the Israeli government has declared Jerusalem as the capital, the sovereignty of the state over Jerusalem is recognized only internationally. Israel has evidence of the earliest migration of apes from Africa. The existence of the Canaanites has been archaeologically proven since the mid-Bronze Age, and the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah were born during the Iron Age. Around 720 BC, the Neo-Assyrian Empire destroyed the Kingdom of Israel. The Kingdom of Judah was subsequently conquered by the Babylonian Empire, the Persian Empire, and the Hellenistic Empire, and existed as a Jewish autonomous state. The Maccabean Revolt was successful and became an independent Hasmonean dynasty in 110 BC, but became a subordinate state of the Roman Republic in 63 BC, the Herodian dynasty was established in 37 BC, and in 6 BC. The Judea province of the Roman Empire was born. The Jewish rebellion devastated the Jewish province, exiled the Jews, and remained a Roman province until they were renamed Syrian Palestine. The presence of Jews in this area has continued to some extent for centuries. The Levant region, which was robbed by the Arabs of the Byzantine Empire in the 7th century, was under Islamic control until the First Crusade in 1099 and the Ayyubid conquest in 1187. In the 13th century, the Mamluks of Egypt extended their rule to Levant until they were defeated by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 19th century, the rise of Jewish nationalism led to the Zionist movement, and it seems that migration to Palestine began. " Palestine was ceded by the Ottoman Empire after World War I and became the mandate of the British Empire from 1920 to 1948. When World War II began, the Mandate was bombed extensively, and the Jews of Yishuv served on the Allied side. In 1944 Britain agreed to supply weapons and form a Jewish brigade. In the midst of heightened tensions, Britain adopted a United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine in 1947 to appease both Arab and Jewish factions, recommending the establishment of an independent Arab and Jewish state and internationalized Jerusalem. bottom. The following year, the Jewish Agency declared Israel's independence, and during the 1948 Arab-Israel War, Israel occupied most of the British Mandatory Palestine, while the West Bank and Gaza were occupied by neighboring Arab countries. .. Since then, Israel has experienced several wars with Arab countries, and since the Six-Day War in June 1967, it has occupied territories such as the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip (2005). It is still considered an occupied territory after the independence of Israel, but some legal experts disagree with this claim). Subsequent legislative measures led to the Golan Heights and East Elsa

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