Israeli Declaration of Independence


May 20, 2022

Israeli Declaration of Independence (Israel Declaration of Independence, Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות Ha-Frazat Ha-Atsumaut or מגילת העצמאות Megirato Ha-Atsumaut) It is the declaration of the founding of the Jewish state "Israel" in Palestine in the Middle East (Declaration of Independence) issued by David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv. In modern Israel, the 5th day of the Jewish calendar (which fluctuates every year) is a holiday (Hebrew: יום העצמאות Yom Ha'atzmaut).


A Jew who had never owned his own country in the long history since the diaspora occurred, Zionism emerged from the 19th century, and in 1917 the Balfour Declaration was announced by the British government, and Zionism. Was supported. Since 1920, after the end of World War I, the land of Palestine has been under the Mandate of England (Mandate of the United Kingdom, Palestine). Since the beginning of the 20th century, Jewish immigration has begun in earnest, and clashes with Arabs have begun to occur. By the end of the war, after the tragedy of the Holocaust during World War II, the conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs was out of control, and Britain resolved the problem to the United Nations. Entrusted. On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly of the United Nations passed the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine (Resolution 181 of the General Assembly of the United Nations) with a majority in favor.

Declaration of Independence

On the afternoon of May 14, 1948, the final day of British mandate, Jewish leader David Ben-Gurion read the Declaration of Independence at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. The independence of the Jewish state "Israel" was declared after this declaration, which began with the writing "Erez Israel (Land of Israel) is the birthplace of Jews," was read aloud.


Harry S. Truman, then President of the United States, approved Israel immediately after the Israeli Declaration of Independence. However, the Arab countries did not recognize Israel's independence, and after the First Middle East War, the Palestinian problem has not been resolved until 2017.


Related items

Zionism-Theodor Herzl Israel David Ben-Gurion-The person who read the Declaration of Independence. He will be the first Prime Minister of Israel. Nakuba (disaster) -The Arab side calls the day of Israeli independence like this.

External link

Video reading the Israeli Declaration of Independence (Hebrew)