Ifseed morning

Article

July 5, 2022

Ifseed morning الإخقيديون Ifseed morning version The Ikhshidid dynasty (Arabic: الإخقيديون al-Ikhshīdīyūn) was the Islamic dynasty that ruled Egypt (935-969).

Overview

In Egypt, the Tulunids, which were established independently by the Egyptian governor of the Abbasid dynasty in the 9th century, were destroyed in 905, and the rule of the Abbasid dynasty was restored. I was troubled by the invasion of the Fatimid dynasty that started in Egypt. The Abbasid dynasty, which represents the Sunnis, sent Turkic Mamluk soldiers from Baghdad to defend Egypt in order to prevent the Isma'il forces of the Fatimid dynasty from moving eastward. Muhammad ibn Tuguju, the founder of the Ikhshidid dynasty, was a soldier of the Abbasid dynasty's Egyptian garrison. Muhammad was given the title of Ifseed from the Abbasid dynasty, so this administration is called the Ifseed dynasty. The Ikhshidid dynasty gathered slave soldiers consisting of blacks and Turkic Mamluks to strengthen their troops, reject the Fatimid invasion, and stabilize Egyptian rule. Furthermore, it fought with the Hamdanid dynasty, which expanded its power to Syria and robbed Aleppo of northern Syria, and secured southern Syria from Palestine to Damascus. In 946, when Muhammad died, his descendants took over the position of Egyptian ruler one after another, but none of them were as powerful as Muhammad, and the real power was held by the black eunuch official of the court for more than 20 years. The Ikhshidid dynasty was able to preserve the territory of Egypt and South Syria, but when Kafur died in 968, the dynasty was weakened all at once, and the Ikhshidid dynasty collapsed from the inside. The following year, when Fatimid General Jawhar arrived with his large army, all Egypt surrendered with little resistance, and the Ikhshidid dynasty was destroyed.

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