India

Article

August 13, 2022

India भारत (Hindi) India (English) National Motto: सत्यमेव जयते Latin Transcription: "satyameva jayate" (Sanskrit: Truth triumphs by itself) National Anthem: जन गण मन (Hindi) Jana Gana Mana India (Hindi: भारत, English: India), or Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य, English: Republic of India), is located in South Asia and encompasses most of the Indian subcontinent. A federal republic facing the ocean. The capital is Delhi (New Delhi) and the largest city is Mumbai. Clockwise from the west, it borders Pakistan, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh. Across the sea, mainland India borders Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean border Indonesia, southern Thailand, and Malaysia. The Indian mainland is sandwiched between two bays in the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east, with the Ganges River flowing through the northeastern part of the country. Independence from Britain in 1947. It has an old history dating back to the Indus civilization, and has the second largest population in the world. The national flower is the lotus, the national tree is the linden tree, the national animal is the Bengal tiger, the national bird is the Indian peafowl, and the national heritage animal is the Indian elephant.

Overview

India is the country with the largest area in South Asia (7th in the world) and the 2nd largest population in the world. The population of over 1.3 billion people is made up of diverse ethnic groups, languages ​​and religions. The United Nations (UN) predicts that the total population will surpass that of the People's Republic of China in the 2020s to become the world's largest. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the south, between the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. It is bordered by Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the northeast, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are nearby in the Indian Ocean, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have a maritime border between Thailand and Indonesia. The history of the Indian subcontinent dates back to the Indus civilization in the 3rd millennium BC. At that time many of the oldest scriptures came together as Hinduism. In the 1st millennium BC, a caste-based class system emerged, leading to Buddhism and Jainism. Early unified states were established in the Mauryan and Gupta dynasties, but later dynasties had influence in South Asia. In the Middle Ages, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam spread to Sikhism. Much of the north was ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, and most of the south by the Vijayanagar Kingdom. The economy expanded in the Mughal Empire in the 17th century. In the mid-18th century, India came under the control of the British East India Company, and in the mid-19th century, it became the British Indian Empire. Independence movement occurred at the end of the 19th century, and after Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent resistance and World War II, it became independent in 1947. In 2022, India's economy will be the fifth largest in the world by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and the third largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP). Since the implementation of market-based economic reforms in 1991, the country has experienced rapid economic growth and has been called an emerging country. However, they still face problems of poverty, corruption, malnutrition and inadequate medical care. Two-thirds of the labor force is in agriculture, while manufacturing and services are growing rapidly. The national literacy rate is 74.04 percent.