Vienna (Standard German: Wien, Bavarian-Austrian: Wean, French: Vienne, English: Vienna) is the capital of Austria. It is one of nine federal states and a city-state. In kanji phonetic equivalents, it is written as UINO.
As of January 1, 2017, the population is 1,867,582. It is one of Europe's leading world cities.
Until World War I, it reigned over most of Central and Eastern Europe, excluding the German Empire, as the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and until the latter half of the 19th century, through the Holy Roman Empire and the German Confederation, it was formally the imperial capital of the entire German nation. But it was. Classical music is thriving, and many composers such as Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert played an active role in the past, so it is also called the "city of music" and "the city of music."
Originating from the Roman encampment of Vindobona, it was once the capital of the Austrian Empire of the Habsburgs, who ruled over several European countries. The city, which flourished during the reign of Empress Maria Theresia, was developed under Franz Joseph I. The ring road, known as the Ring, was built in the second half of the 19th century by filling in the moat that once surrounded the Old Town to facilitate the modernization of Vienna. The historic center, including St. Stephen's Cathedral (St. Stephen's Cathedral) and the old town, was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001 under the name of "Historic Center of Vienna". It includes the former royal palace, the Hofburg Palace (currently used as the presidential residence, museum, national library, etc.), the Vienna State Opera, the Burgtheater, the Natural History Museum, the Kunsthistorisches Museum, and the Belvedere Palace near the central station. .
Vienna was originally a city born at the intersection of two roads. They are the road that crosses Europe from east to west along the Danube and the north-south road (Amber Road) that connects the Baltic Sea and Italy. It is the point of contact between Germanic, Slavic, Magyar, and Latin inhabitants. It originated from the construction of the northern base. During the prosperity of the Ottoman Empire, it served as the gateway to the Islamic sphere of influence from Western Europe, and traditionally flourished as a city that gathered diverse ethnicities.
Its geographical location is east of Berlin in East Germany, which once belonged to the communist bloc, and Prague in the Czech Republic, a Slavic nation in Eastern Europe. was in position.
In addition, in a place away from the city center in the south-southwest direction, there is Schönbrunn Palace, a World Heritage site that once served as the stage for the Congress of Vienna. It was built by Leopold I as a hunting lodge and completed by Maria Theresa as a villa.
Today's Vienna is also a hub of international organization headquarters, and the Japanese government also has a Permanent Mission of Japan to the International Organizations in Vienna. The following institutions are headquartered in Vienna:
United Nations Office in Vienna (UNOV)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Preparatory Committee for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
International Institute of Newspaper Editors (IPI)
International Commission for the Protection of the Danube (ICPDR) published in 2017