Air India Flight 182 Bombing

Article

July 5, 2022

The Air India Flight 182 bombing incident (Air India 182 Binbaku Hajiken) was an incident in which an Air India jumbo aircraft crashed on the North Atlantic Ocean on June 23, 1985. It was due to the explosion of a bomb set in the baggage carried by the Sikh militants, who were at odds with the Indian government at the time. In addition, one hour before the incident, an explosive targeting an Air India aircraft exploded at Japan's New Tokyo International Airport (Narita International Airport), killing and injuring airport workers (Narita). Airport baggage explosion incident). The number of victims of the terrorist attacks amounted to 329, which was the highest number of victims of the terrorist attacks until the terrorist attacks in 2001 set a new record. A criminal trial of the case took place in Canada, but the acquittal of one of the accused defendants was finally confirmed in 2005, and the cost of the investigation and trial was $ 130 million. It was controversial because it amounted to (about 11 billion yen).

Crew Passenger

22 crew members Captain: 56 years old, male Co-pilot: 41 years old, male (Although he had a captain qualification, he was a co-pilot on this flight.) Flight engineer: 57 years old, 307 male passengers Most of the passengers were going to meet their family and friends in India. Among the passengers were 82 children, 280 of Canadian nationality.

Summary of the case

Air India Flight 181 separated from Toronto, Canada at 0:15 am on June 23, 1985, is operated on a Boeing 747-200B, and the aircraft code is VT-EFO "Emperor Kanishka (Kushan). Named after the 4th monarch, Kanishka I) "(manufactured in 1978). The aircraft operates as flight 181 from Toronto to Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, from which the flight number was changed to flight 182, via Heathrow Airport in London, and finally to Bombay, India (Bombay, India). It was a flight plan to fly to (currently Mumbai). However, work will be done in Montreal to suspend the engine transported to India for repair as a "non-operational 5th engine" (5th pod) of specially loaded cargo between the fuselage and the left wing 2nd engine. It was 1 hour and 40 minutes behind. Air India Flight 182 was flying to London Heathrow Airport on a sunny Sunday morning, but at 7:15 am on June 23, 1985, Irish Shannon-controlled radar. Disappeared from. By the way, on the radar screen at this time, Canadian Airlines flight 282 and Trans World Airlines flight 770 are also flying in the same course, and according to the controller's testimony, the signals of these three aircraft are mixed. It is said that flight 182 disappeared at the same time. Two hours after Flight 182 disappeared from the radar, a cargo ship sailing over the sea near the flight course of Flight 182 found the wreckage of the aircraft. Flight 182 crashed into the North Atlantic Ocean, 290 km off Cork, Ireland, at a depth of 2,000 m, killing all 329 crew and passengers. The wreckage of the aircraft was widespread and submerged, so few major wreckage was recovered and only 131 victims could be accommodated. Although the seafloor search was conducted and the black box of the accident aircraft was successfully recovered and analyzed, the flight data recorder (FDR) was interrupted with the same flight record as normal flight, and the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) was also operated by the pilots. Suddenly interrupted during a conversation.