November 28, 2021
Egypt and Arab Republic
جمهورية مقر العربية
Country slogan: None
National Anthem: بلادي، بلادي، بلادي (Arabic) My country
The Arab Republic of Egypt (Arabic: جمهورية مقر العربية), commonly known as Egypt (Arabic: مِقر), is a republican nation located in the Middle East and North Africa. The capital is Cairo.
It is located on the northeastern tip of the African continent, bordering Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, Israel on the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, and the Gaza Strip in Palestine. It faces the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Red Sea in the east.
Egypt is located at the junction of the Middle East and Northeast Africa, and is one of the regions where ancient civilizations existed. Its history is as old as it dates back to BC.
Ethnically and religiously, it is one of the Arab and Islamic worlds.
The population is the largest in the Arab countries, exceeding 100 million in February 2020. The region is dotted with traces of ancient cities thousands of years ago and numerous historic sites along the Nile.
It is also known as one of the countries with scarce water sources, and most of the country is desert, except for the valley of the Nile River flowing north and south and the delta area (Nile Delta). To the east of the Nile estuary is the Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea.
The country is currently considered to be the second most densely populated country in the MENA region, with Cairo being one of the most densely populated cities in the world.
The official name is Arabic. Commonly known as مقر (standard language: Miṣr Misuru, Egyptian dialect, colloquial Arabic: [mɑsˤɾ] Masuru). Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ (Khemi Khemi).
The Arabic name Misuru has been a Semitic name for this land since ancient times. In Hebrew, which is a Semitic language, it is a dual form of mislime (מצרים, Mitsuraimu).
The official English notation is Arab Republic of Egypt. Known as Egypt [ˈiːdʒɨpt]. Pronunciation is close to "Egypt". The adjective is Egyptian [ɨˈdʒɪpʃən]. The name of Egypt is named after the Greek word Aegyptus, a Greek word that changed from the ancient Egyptian word Hoot Kaa Ptah (the temple of the soul of the god Ptah) to refer to this land.
The Japanese notation is Egypt and the Arab Republic. Known as Egypt. In Chinese characters, it is written as dust and abbreviated as dust. This Chinese character notation is the Chinese text imported into Japanese or Chinese as it is.
1882-1922: (British Egypt)
1922-1953: Kingdom of Egypt
1953--1958: Republic of Egypt
1958-1971 United Arab Republic
1971-Present: Egyptian Arab Republic
Egypt has developed an ancient Egyptian civilization, supported by the rich delta of the Nile, as is famous for the words of the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, "Egypt is a gift of the Nile." As early as 3000 BC, the Egyptians formed a centralized state and developed a world-renowned and advanced civilization through pyramids, the Valley of the Kings, and hieroglyphs.
After 3000 years of ups and downs, it was ruled by the Achaemenid Persians in 525 BC.
It was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. After that, the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty.