Ottoman Empire

Article

August 8, 2022

Ottoman Empire دولتِ عليۀ عثمانيه National Motto: دولت ابد مدت‎, Devlet-i Ebed-müddet‎ (Ottoman: Eternal Nation) National Anthem: National Anthem of the Ottoman Empire Largest Territory of the Ottoman Empire (1683) The Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Teikoku, Ottoman Turkish: دولتِ عليۀ عثمانيه‎, Latin transcription: Devlet-i ʿAliyye-i ʿOs̠māniyye) was an empire with many monarchs (emperors) from the Turkic (later Turkic) Ottoman family. national empire. In the English-speaking world, it is written as the Ottoman Empire. In the 15th century, he overthrew the Eastern Roman Empire and conquered its capital, Constantinople (later Istanbul), making this city his capital. The largest territory in the 17th century expanded remarkably from the Middle East to Africa and Europe, extending from Azerbaijan to Morocco in the east and west, and from Yemen to Ukraine and Hungary in the north and south.

Overview

The Ottoman Dynasty, an Islamic dynasty that developed from a minor monarchy that was born in a corner of Anatolia (Asia Minor), eventually conquered Eastern European Christian countries such as the Eastern Roman Empire, and Muslim countries in West Asia and North Africa such as the Mamluk Dynasty. It developed into a world empire, the Ottoman Empire, which conquered and covered most of the Mediterranean world. Its appearance was the "Ottoman Shock" for the Western Christian world, and its influence was great from the 15th century to the 16th century. It had an indirect influence on the Reformation, and was a major factor in the frustration of Charles V's dream of unifying Western Europe and building a Catholic world empire. Threatened by the "Turkish threat", the Holy Roman Empire newly established the "Turkish tax", which served as a catalyst for the transition from medieval feudalism to absolute monarchy. As Peter I began to press the Ottoman Empire, the Holy Romans supported the Romanovs in pushing the front south. In the middle of the 19th century, Britain and France realized the division of territory on the Mediterranean scale. From the end of the century, when the Ottoman Debt Management Authority was established, the German Empire developed its last remaining territory, Anatolia. For this reason, the Ottoman Empire entered World War I as a Central Power and was defeated. The Treaty of Sable, which was a peace treaty after the war, could be said to have dismantled the Ottoman Empire by the great powers. , Mehmed VI went into exile. In 1923, the "Ankara government" declared the founding of the "Turkish Republic" and in 1924 declared the abolition of the Ottoman caliphate. As a result, it was replaced by the Anatolian nation-state of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish Revolution).

Country Name

Since the Ottoman Empire was called Ottoman Turks, Turkish Empire in English, it used to be called "Ottoman Turkey", "Turkish Empire", "Ottoman Turk Empire", "Ottoman Turk Empire", but now has come to be called the Ottoman Empire or simply the Ottoman dynasty, and the use of the Ottoman Turks has fallen into disuse. This is because the monarch (Padishah, Sultan) was of Turkic origin, and the language of the court was Turkish, which incorporated many words from Arabic and Persian, called Ottoman. People of various origins were appointed beyond the framework, and because of the multi-religious and multi-ethnic coexistence in Japan,