Otto Frank


May 21, 2022

Otto Heinrich Frank (May 12, 1889-August 19, 1980) is the father of Anne Frank and his sister Margot Frank, known for The Diary of a Young Girl. In 1947, after her death, he published her diary.



Born in 1889 in Frankfurt am Main, a city in the province of Hesse-Nassau in the Kingdom of Prussia, the territorial state of the German Empire. He has a father, banker Michael Frank (1851-1909). His mother is his wife Alice Betty Frank (1865-1953) (maiden name Stern). Her mother, Alice's family, the Stern family, came from Eudengasse (Frankfurt Judengasse) and was a wealthy Jewish family. Meanwhile, his father, Michael, is a Jew from Landau in the Palatinate region, who came to Frankfurt in 1879 and gained a foothold in his success by marrying Alice in 1885. He was successful in the financial industry and owned and ran "Bankgeschaeft Michael Frank". The Franks, who joined the upper class, moved to 4 jordanstraße, a luxury residential area in western Frankfurt in 1902. Otto is the second son of the couple, with Roberto as his brother, Herbert as his younger brother, and Helene as his sister.


He studied at the Gymnasium in Frankfurt and passed Abitur with excellent grades. Otto, who was good at art and archeology, entered the Department of Art History at the University of Heidelberg in 1908. He made friends here with Nathan Straus Jr., an international student from Princeton University in the United States. This Nathan Jr. was the sergeant of Nathan Straus, the owner of the giant department store Macy Department Store in New York. Nathan Jr. advised Otto to come to New York to guarantee his job at the Macy Department Store. In response to this offer, Otto dropped out of Heidelberg University in a semester and moved to New York. However, the following year, in the fall of 1909, his father Michael died, and he was forced to return to Germany in a hurry. .. Ownership of Michael's bank was transferred to his mother, Alice, but Otto took over much of his banking practice. From 1910, he also undertook the business management of a metal industry company in Düsseldorf. He mainly worked in business management in Düsseldorf, and his daily routine of looking at bank management with one hand and occasionally traveling to New York continued.

World War I

This kind of life continued for a while after the beginning of World War I in 1914. However, in 1915 he was drafted into the Army with his brother and brother. Otto was assigned to the Artillery Regiment and became a range measurer. In 1916 he was mobilized to the Battle of the Somme. The Germans were killed in action by 450,000, but Otto survived. In February 1917, Otto became a second lieutenant at the recommendation of the commander. Later that year, he commanded and participated in a defense of a British tank corps attack on the Hindenburg line in Cambrai. In 1918 he was promoted to lieutenant in recognition of his reconnaissance activities. He also received the Iron Cross 1st Class. There is little evidence of a conflict between Otto being German and Jewish during this war. From the letter to his family at the time, many other German soldiers.