Government of Canada


July 5, 2022

The Government of Canada is the Government of Canada under the Constitutional Monarchy, which has the power and structure of the Federal Government as stipulated in the Canadian Constitution, as stipulated in federal court decisions and inconsistencies.

Administrative authority

Head of State

The head of state of Canada is Queen Elizabeth II, the King of Canada (now "Queen of Canada" in English because she is a woman), and is the source of administrative, legislative, and judicial powers. , The Canadian Constitution states: "The Executive Government and Authority of and over Canada is hereby declared to continue and be vested in the Queen." However, the rights of sovereignty in Canada are not exclusively reserved by the King, and the British parliamentary cabinet system determined by the Bill of Rights in 1689 was later taken over by Canada. Nevertheless, the King (Queen) is considered the Head of State of Canada. Currently, the king (queen) may live abroad, and in reality the king (queen) does not directly exercise administrative, legislative, or judicial powers, and the king (queen) has power. A Governor General has been appointed as an agent to exercise. The Governor is elected by the Prime Minister's suggestion, but this "suggestion" is almost certainly formal because it is heard. The Governor has no term and is appointed "at Her Majesty's Pleasure", but in reality a new Governor is appointed about every five years.


The Prime Minister of Canada is currently served by Justin Trudeau. The Prime Minister is appointed Governor General of Canada. However, in order to ensure stable government continuity, the prime minister must be trusted by the House of Commons (lower house). In reality, the position of prime minister goes to the leader of the party that has secured the largest number of seats in the House of Commons. If no party gets a majority in the House of Commons, the party with the largest seats or the party with the support of other parties forms the minority ruling government. It is run by the minority ruling government in Canada under the Martin administration in 2004 and the Harper administration since 2006. The prime minister can maintain the cabinet until he is defeated in a cabinet distrust resolution or general election, unless he resigns or is dismissed by the governor. Therefore, the ruling party has the intention of continuing the administration even if it has secured only a small number of seats before the election. It is rare for the federal government of Canada to form a coalition government. The only exception is the Robert Borden coalition government (Unification Party Government) during World War I since John A. Macdonald's Liberal and Conservative coalition government in the mid-1800s. Currently, the Canadian (Federal) Government has the following administrative agencies: List mainly the ministries and agencies under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Minister. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Department of Canadian Heritage Canadian International Development Agency Citizenship and Immigration Canada Ministry of the Environment (Environment Canada) Ministry of Finance Fisheries and Oceans Canada Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Health Canada Human Resources and Social Development Canada Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada Ministry of Social Infrastructure (