State of California
State Nickname: The Golden State State Motto: Eureka
California (British: State of California) is a state on the Pacific coast of the western United States. Occupies most of the West Coast of the United States.
It has the largest population of any U.S. state and the largest electorate in the United States presidential election. It is the second most populous administrative division in the Americas after the state of São Paulo in Brazil. people), and San Francisco (about 870,000 people). The state has the 2nd largest (Los Angeles) and 6th largest metropolitan areas in the nation (the "Bay Area", which includes San Francisco and San Jose), and nine of the top 50 most populous cities in the United States. The state capital is Sacramento (about 520,000 people).
In Japan, it used to be written as 'Kari Fukunaya' in Chinese characters, but it is not often used now. This abbreviation, ``Kashuu,'' is still sometimes used in cases where the number of characters is limited, such as in newspaper headlines.
California has a wide variety of climates and topography, and is home to many ethnic groups. It is the third largest state in the United States, after Alaska and Texas. It borders Oregon to the north, Nevada to the northeast, Arizona to the southeast, and Baja California, Mexico to the south. Geographically, it extends from the Pacific coast to the Sierra Nevada Mountains in the east, the Mojave Desert in the southeast, and forests of sequoias and Douglas firs in the northwest. In the center of the state lies the Central Valley, one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. The continental United States has the highest point (Mount Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley). About 40% of the area is forest, which is relatively high for a dry area.
From the late 18th century onwards, the area known as "Alta California" became a colony of the Spanish Empire. In 1821 Mexico, including Alta California, became the First Mexican Empire and became a republic after becoming an empire. In 1846, a group of American settlers in Sonoma declared the independence of the Republic of California. As a result of the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded California to the United States. California became the 31st state of the United States on September 9, 1850.
The "Gold Rush" of the mid-19th century caused dramatic social, economic, and demographic changes in California. With the influx of people and the booming economy, San Francisco grew from a small village of tents to a booming city known around the world. Important developments in the early 20th century included the rise of Los Angeles as an entertainment center and a huge statewide tourism industry. In addition to abundant agriculture, the aerospace, petroleum and information technology industries contributed to economic development.
If California were a country, it would rank 10th in terms of GDP, rivaling Italy. It ranks 35th in terms of population and 59th in terms of land area.
Historically, some areas of California have repeatedly attempted to secede and become independent. At least 27 attempts at independence have failed between the 1800s and 2011.
North America centered on the San Francisco Bay Area