Karl Münchinger (29 May 1915 – 13 March 1990) was a German conductor. After he studied with Hermann Abendroth, he presided over the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra. Baroque music performances by Münchinger and the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra were highly acclaimed, but with the rise of conductors such as Nikolaus Harnoncourt, who emphasized original instruments and historical performance methods, they came to be considered outdated. rice field.
Born May 29, 1915 in Stuttgart, Germany. His mother was raised in a religious household and said, "Church music can be studied," and "(music) must be for the glory of God." Münchinger says he doesn't remember, as his father died early.
He started playing the piano at the age of five, and his twin brother also started playing the violin around the same time. I started.
By the time he started school, he had already learned to play the violin, so he joined the orchestra when he entered school. He then went on to study at the University of Stuttgart, where he spent six years as an organist and choirmaster at the Stuttgart Church. He also gave private lessons on violin, piano and organ.
During my student life, my desire to become a conductor grew stronger, and when I consulted with my mother, I was opposed to becoming a conductor for girls wearing short skirts (referring to ballerinas and opera singers). I was told that I would not pay for school.
Münchinger then moved to Leipzig, where he studied under conductor Hermann Abendroth while earning his own tuition. He also had the opportunity to conduct the Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, which was conducted by Abendroth, but he struggled with his teacher's request to ``get a sound image of the score without using the piano''. he says In addition to Abendroth, he was influenced by conductors Wilhelm Furtwängler and Clemens Krauss.
After completing his student life, Münchinger was the conductor of the Hannover Symphony Orchestra from 1941 to 1943. However, there were many difficulties, and when he had to conduct Mozart's "Symphony No. 41 "Jupiter" on behalf of the principal conductor, he insisted on the need for rehearsals, but said, ``This piece is in my hands.'' It was not accepted by the orchestra members who insisted on it, and in the end, it was a concert that said, ``The only thing that fits is the rest.'' Through this experience, Münchinger hoped to found his own orchestra where he could practice to his heart's content.
In addition, due to the intensification of the war, he temporarily left his musical activities and served in the military, and returned as a prisoner of war.
Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra
In 1945, at the end of World War II, Münchinger put his dream of forming his own orchestra into action and founded the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra with the help of a music-loving doctor. He faced a lot of hardships, and in the midst of "a lot of money to spend", he collected members from Germany and Austria, searched for a training place in a building destroyed by the war, and built his own podium. did. He also wrote sheet music