The English meaning of quiz is ``to ask (something)'' and ``to test one's knowledge. is used in the sense of A game in which the questioner asks a question about a known fact and the answerer answers the question correctly. Or about that question.
The question-asking side prepares a large number of sets of questions and correct answers in advance. The questioner asks the answerer a question. If the answer given by the respondent matches the answer prepared by the questioner, it is correct, and if it does not match, it is incorrect.
In many cases, there are multiple answerers, and they compete for the number of correct answers and the points obtained by answering correctly. In a narrow sense, quizzes are those that test knowledge, but puzzles that test thinking ability, word games, riddles, etc. are sometimes regarded as a type of quiz.
Depending on the event or program, there are cases where the winner or loser is announced after the event without announcing the correctness or the number of correct answers (scores) to the respondents during the event.
As for the etymology of the word quiz, the Oxford English Dictionary (3rd edition) states that it was first used in 1781 to mean "a peculiar person". Even today, vestiges can be seen in the word Quizzical. From 1843, the Oxford English Dictionary describes it as a verb for "to inquire, to question".
Oxford Lexico points out that it's probably influenced by the adjective inquisitive (a noun that means 'inquisitive' or 'inquisitive').
There is also a theory that it is simply derived from the Latin word quis (what), which was published in 2015 in "It works for the brain!" It is used in the book "Otona no Puzzle & Quiz". On the other hand, Fuji TV's quiz $ Millionaire presents its own interpretation that it comes from "Who are you?" (Qui es-tu?).
The history of quizzes in the world
When classified according to the quiz format, there are the following.
riddles (riddles, riddles)
A ○×× quiz where a certain sentence is presented and the answer is given whether it is true or wrong (correct or false).
There is also a method of classifying long sentence quizzes/short sentence quizzes according to the length of the question sentence.
A quiz that requires listing a large number of elements is classified as a multiple-answer quiz. There are also board quizzes, situational puzzles, and quizzes that reveal hidden commonalities among multiple elements.
There is also a system in which all respondents can write down their answers (on a board, answer monitor screen, etc.) each time a question is asked, but only those who press the answer button early among the respondents have the right to answer. If you get a quiz and other people can't answer it, it is classified as a quick-press quiz.
International TournamentWorld Quizzing Championship
European Quizzing ChampionshipsNational competitionBritish Quizzing ChampionshipsSchool and student quiz competitionUniversity Challenge
National Academic Quiz Tournaments
Reach for the Top (en, Canadian high school quiz show)
National high school