November 28, 2021

Gustáv Husák (10 January 1913-18 November 1991) is the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1969-1987), President (1975-1989).

History / Person

In 1933 he joined the Communist Party of Slovakia. In 1944 during World War II, he participated in the Slovak National Uprising against independent Slovak Republic under the rule of Nazi Germany and its puppet state Jozef Tiso. After the war, as a leader of the Communist Party of Slovakia, he contributed to the establishment of the Communist Party system in 1948, but was sentenced to life for "Bourjois nationalism" in the 1950s when the purge of Titoists, Zionists, and nationalists raged. Be sentenced. Released in 1963 due to rehabilitation measures. He was seen as one of the reformers, returning to politics during the so-called "Prague Spring" in 1968 and becoming the deputy prime minister in charge of federalization issues in the Oldřich Cernik Cabinet, which was established in April. However, after the military intervention in August, he gradually moved away from the reformists and gained the trust of the Soviet Union, and in April 1969 he replaced Alexander Dubček as First Secretary of the Party. He will step up the crackdown on reformers and dissidents and pursue a "normalization regime" route. In the latter half of the 1980s, with the advent of Mikhail Gorbachev, the momentum for reforms in the country increased, and he transferred the position of First Secretary to Milos Jakeš and tried to alleviate criticism, but after the Velvet Revolution in November 1989, he became president. He resigned and was expelled from the party the following year. He died two years later on November 18, 1991 (78 years old).

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