August 8, 2022

Sakhalin Russian: Сахалинская область Sakhalin Oblast (Сахалинская область, Sakhalinskaja oblastȉ) is a state (oblast) of the Russian Federation and one of the federal constituents. It has jurisdiction over Karafuto Island (Russian name: Sakhalin Island) and the Kuril Islands (Russian name: Kuril Islands), and belongs to the Far Eastern Federal District. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the provincial capital (was called Toyohara during the period of Japanese rule from 1905 to 1945). The area is 87,100 km2, the north-south extent is about 900 km, and the population is 484,207 (as of 2022).


It borders on Japan's Hokkaido across the Soya Strait and the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, and has strong economic ties with Japan (especially Hokkaido). Moneron Island (Japanese name is Kaiba Island) is one of the main attached islands, and it is also famous as the stage of the shooting down of the Korean Air Lines on September 1, 1983. The southern part of Karafuto Island (Minami Karafuto) and the entire Kuril Islands were territories of Japan before World War II. When Japan dispatched troops to Siberia against the Bolshevik regime in 1918, it occupied northern Karafuto and continued to effectively control it. returned to rule. In August 1945, the Soviet Union abolished the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact, which was still in force, and entered the war against Japan, invading Japan and occupying all of southern Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands by September. The Soviet Union declared its annexation in 1946, established South Sakhalin Oblast, and in 1947 incorporated these regions into Sakhalin Oblast.


Sakhalin (Karafuto)

Sakhalin Island...Japanese name is Karafuto Island. Separated by the Soya Strait (Russian Пролив Лаперуза La Père Strait), it is only about 42 km between Cape Soya in Hokkaido and Cape Nishi-Notoro (Cape Kuririon) in Karafuto (Sakhalin). The Russian name for the Soya Strait, La Pérouse Strait, comes from the name of the French explorer La Pérouse who passed through it in 1787. Carmenia Pars Nasti Island... Japanese name is Nijoiwa. Moneron Island ... Japanese name is Kaiba Island. Tyuleni Island...Japanese name is Sea Leopard Island.

Small Kuril Islands

In Russian it is written as Малая Курильская гряда. Habomai Islands, Shikotan Island Shikotan Island. Population 2917 (as of 2016, according to Russian statistics). Habomai Islands. Both islands are currently uninhabited islands with no permanent residents, but a small number of Russian fishermen migrate to Shibatsujima only in the summer. About 200 Russian Coast Guard personnel are stationed on each of the major islands. Taraku Island. The island is currently uninhabited and is home to the Russian Coast Guard. Shibatsu Island. The Russian Coast Guard is stationed. Although it is an uninhabited island, in the summer, fishermen who come to collect kelp migrate seasonally, and there is also a restaurant that is open seasonally, and it is booming. Yuri Island. Autumn Yuri Island. crystal island. It is only 7km away from Cape Nosappu across the Goyomai Channel (Russian name: Sovetsky Strait Пролив Советский). The Russian Coast Guard is stationed there. shell island. Nearly halfway point of Goyoumai Channel (Russian name: Sovetsky Strait Пролив Советский). In 1957, it was occupied by force by the Soviet border guards, then part of the Soviet KGB. At that time, Japan was supposed to be defended by the United States under the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty, but no U.S. forces were dispatched. The island's lighthouse has long been dormant, but has recently been repaired by Russian authorities. However, it keeps turning on and off again. Between this island and Cape Nosappu lies the "border" claimed by the Russian side.