Seattle

Article

August 8, 2022

Seattle (English: Seattle, English pronunciation: [siˈæṭl] (sound file), kanji notation "shashi/sharoad") is a city in King County, northwest Washington, United States. It is the state's largest city and the county seat of the county. It is also the largest city in the Pacific Northwest with a population of 737,015 (2020).

Overview

With a population of about 4 million, the metropolitan area is the 15th largest in the United States. The population has grown by 21% from 2010 to 2020, making it one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States. Seattle is the northernmost major city in the United States, about 160 km from the Canadian border.

History

Main article: History of Seattle The city is named after Chief Seattle of the Suquamish tribe, an Indian tribe that inhabited the area. The Suquamish were deported by the federal government to Indian reservations in the 19th century, and Seattle was built on their land. Chief Seattle's famous speech when the tribe left the land. Settlement of European settlers began around 1853, when the Washington Territory was established. At that time, forestry and fishing were the main industries. In 1865, the population increased and it was recognized as a municipality by the state government. In 1873, the Northern Pacific Railroad's transcontinental railroad reached the West Coast, but a terminal station was built in Tacoma, 50 km south of Seattle. As a result, Seattle's development will be delayed. In 1893, the Great Northern Railroad reached Seattle, connecting it to the national rail network. The port of Seattle, closer to the mouth of the bay than Tacoma, grew rapidly. As the famous saying goes, ``My father is the Great Northern Railway, and my mother is Nippon Yusen,'' the two companies have developed as a transit point for trade with the East.

2020 Racism Protests

Racist protests have spread across the city following the death of George Floyd in May 2020. On June 10th and 11th of the same year, some demonstrators occupied a corner of the city and declared the establishment of the Capitol Hill Autonomous Region. In the self-governing district, where the police have been removed, security has deteriorated, including shooting incidents that have resulted in deaths. The mayor, who was initially sympathetic to the demonstrations, also issued an evacuation order for the autonomous region, and on July 1 of the same year, he was forcibly evacuated by a police force equipped with riot gear. After that, protests by demonstrators continued, and on July 25 of the same year, a large-scale demonstration of arson and building damage occurred. Twenty-one police officers were injured while police used flash grenades and pepper spray to arrest 45 people.

Geography

Seattle is located between Puget Sound and Lake Washington at 47°37'35"N, 122°19'59"W (47.626353, -122.333144). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of ​​369.2 km² (142.5 mi²). Of this, 217.2 km² (83.9 mi²) is land and 152.0 km² (58.7 mi²) is water. 41.17% of the total area is water area.

Climate

It is located in the transition zone from the Mediterranean climate (Cs) to the west coast oceanic climate, and the winter is not cold for its latitude. It rains a lot from autumn to spring, and sometimes it rains for a week, but it doesn't need an umbrella. It's famous as a city that gets a lot of rain, but that's because the drizzle continues for days, so the amount of rain itself isn't that much. Even if it is hot in the summer, it feels cool if you are in the shade, and the seawater is cold all year round and basically you can not swim. Even in summer, mornings and evenings can get chilly, so it's safe to bring a light jacket. snow cover