Jamestown (Virginia)

Article

May 21, 2022

Jamestown was the first permanent colony built by Britain in North America and was the beginning of the vast colony of the later British Empire. The settlement does not exist and is now a historical remains.

Position

It is located on an island near the mouth of the James River, which flows into the Chesapeake Bay, in what is now James City County, Virginia. Today Jamestown is part of an important national asset (Historic Jamestown) known as the Historic Triangle between Williamsburg and Yorktown, and is also the western end of the colonial road connecting these three historic sites.

History

Construction

In 1607, the London Virginia Company sent a colony of 105 people to the North American colony on three ships: Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery. After a four-month voyage under Captain Christopher Newport, he finally landed on Cape Henry on April 26, 1607, via Puerto Rico. After exploring the current Hampton Roads area, he built a fort-enclosed settlement on the island of the James River. Thus, the Jamestown Colony was established as Fort James on May 4th (O.S., May 14th N.S.). The town is named after King James I of England. Powhatan Indians kindly welcomed them and gave them food. Britain's first North American colony was sent in 1585, but has been wiped out (see Roanoke Colony), making Jamestown the first permanent colony. At the beginning of the colonization, he hated farming, which is essential for life extension, and even with the support of Indians, food was exhausted and the disease spread. When the first support team from England, led by Christopher Newport, arrived in January 1608, only 38 of the first settlers survived. At this time, 120 new people were sent. Newport was appointed to lead the next supply team as soon as he returned to England after reinforcing the fort and so on. Pioneer leader John Smith argued that Jamestown's primary interest was to change from gold to crops and livestock, temporarily improving the situation. However, when the Second Relief Team returned to Jamestown in December of the same year, more than half of the colonists had died due to food shortages. At this time, non-British workers were also sent to Jamestown for the first time by the Second Support Team. They were German, Polish and Slovak artisans who were hired to grow Jamestown's craft exports. The craftsmen built a glasswork basket, making Jamestown Glasshouse the first factory in the United States. Glassware was also Jamestown's first export to Europe. Despite these efforts, Smith, who was unable to bring profits back to English investors in the first two years of settlement, was dismissed in 1609, and George Percy was newly led to the development of Jamestown. In August 1609, seven vessels from England's Third Support Team arrived, and in October, one that deviated from a hurricane on the way. In the winter of 1609-1610, only 60 of the 500 settlers survived, eating rats, snakes, horse rawhides, and even human flesh to survive hunger. Time"). Those who survived were on the verge of annihilation due to starvation 1610