Giacomo Puccini


January 18, 2022

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (Italy: Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini, December 22, 1858-November 29, 1924) is an Italian composer. His operas such as "Tosca", "Madame Butterfly" and "La Boheme" are known to have many opportunities to perform even today. He was born in Lucca, Italy and died in Brussels, Belgium.


The Puccini family is a family of Lucca religious musicians that has been around since the 18th century, but some were instrumental composers. Giacomo Puccini is the only opera composer among them who has made a name for himself as the only world-famous musician today. Born December 22, 1858 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy. He is warmly educated by his uncle Fortunato Marge because his father Michele died when he was only five years old. He initially got a job as a church organist, but he aspired to be an opera composer in the wake of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Aida. In 1880, with the completion of the "Four Tones Mass" (known as "Gloria Mass"), he separated his early musical training from his family of religious musicians. In this work, Puccini's dramatic expressiveness, which will eventually blossom on the stage in Milan, is fascinatingly shown. In fact, the optimism of this work will later be diverted to his opera. He studied under Amilcare Ponchielli and Antonio Bazzini at the Milan Conservatory from 1880 to 1883. In 1882, he participated in the one-act opera composition contest sponsored by the publisher Concorso Sonzogno and was not able to win a prize, but the submitted work "Fairy Villi Le villi" was later staged in 1884 and published by the publisher Ricordi. It was an opportunity to attract attention to the owner, Giulio Ricordi. The second opera "Edgar" completed in 1889 was composed by Ricordi's commission. In 1891 he bought a villa in Torre del Lago, Tuscany, where he worked and homed for the rest of his life. It is also here that Puccini's corpse is sleeping. His third work, Manon Lescaut, was not only a huge success, but also a catalyst for the cooperation of the talented script writers Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. With the cooperation of these two people, three songs, "La Boheme", "Tosca", and "Madame Butterfly" were written. Of these, "La Boheme" is not only one of Puccini's masterpieces, but also one of the most romantic operas of Puccini's work to date. "Tosca" was talked about in its explicit depiction of violence, the story of the three protagonists dying on stage, and sensational music. Madama Butterfly was greeted with hostility at the premiere (although most of it was organized by Puccini's rivals), but after a considerable rework, it became one of Puccini's most successful works. became. After that, the writing brush of the composition became loose due to the continuous difficulty. In late February 1902 (or 1903), due to his unusual nature, he got a car and was driving around, causing a car accident and breaking his leg. Giacosa passed away in 1906. In 1909, Puccini's wife, Elvira, misunderstood that Puccini was having an affair with her maid.

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