Jazz funeral

Article

November 28, 2021

Jazz funeral is a funeral with a brass band, a tradition in New Orleans, Louisiana.

History

The term "The Jazz Funeral" has long been used by observers from areas other than New Orleans, but is generally inappropriate by most New Orleans musicians and practitioners of tradition. Was despised as. The preferred explanation was "funeral with music," where jazz was part of the music played, but not the main part of the ceremony. Among the younger generation of New Orleans brass band musicians who are familiar with music from the Dirty Dozen Brass Band and Soul Rebels Brass Band, a style inspired by the old traditional New Orleans jazz. Then, in the last 15 years of the 20th century, the resistance to using this word was greatly reduced. This tradition blends the strong cultural influences of Europe and Africa. The colonial past of Louisiana brought the tradition of military brass bands, called on many occasions, to jazz funerals, including funeral processes. This was combined with African spiritual practice, especially the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria and other parts of West Africa. Jazz funerals are also heavily influenced by the early 20th century Protestant and Catholic churches, the Black Brass Band, and the idea of ​​celebrating the afterlife to please the spirits that protect the dead. Another group that influenced jazz funerals was the Mardi Gras Indians. This tradition spread across New Orleans people across ethnic boundaries at the beginning of the 20th century. As the music of the popular brass band became wilder in the years before World War I, some white New Orleans consider hot music to be rude, and such music. Funerals were rare among white citizens. Since the 1960s, it has gradually begun to be practiced across ethnic and religious boundaries. Most commonly, such music funerals are held for the individual musician himself, for the music industry, or for members, or members of various social aid and pleasure clubs. The carnival crew were involved in arranging such funerals. Most of the jazz funerals are aimed at African-American musicians, but there is a new tendency for jazz funerals to be held for young and dead people. The funeral organizer arranges to hire a band as part of the service. When a respected fellow musician or a prominent member of the community dies, additional musicians may join the procession as a sign of respect for the deceased. A typical jazz funeral begins with a procession from home, funeral hall, church to graveyard by family, friends and brass bands. Throughout the march, the band plays condolences and hymns. The ceremonies change after the deceased is buried, or after the hearse leaves the procession and members of the procession say the final farewell and "cut the body loose." After this, the music became brighter, and in many cases hymns and spirituals were played in a swinging manner.

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