John F. Kennedy

Article

November 28, 2021

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (English: John Fitzgerald Kennedy, May 29, 1917-November 22, 1963) is a politician in the United States. He is the 35th President of the country (in office: January 20, 1961-November 22, 1963). Often referred to as JFK or the so-called Jack, taking the initials of his name. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963 during his tenure (Assassination of President Kennedy).

Overview

He was nominated as a Democratic presidential candidate in the 1960 United States presidential election, and was elected by a small vote after a historic close battle with his opponent, Republican Richard Nixon. Inaugurated as the 35th President of the United States. His inauguration was 43 years old and was the youngest elected president in the history of the United States (Theodore Roosevelt, who was 42 years old at the time of his inauguration, was not an election, but a vice president. Was promoted from). He was the first president born in the 20th century, the first Catholic president, and the first Irish-American president. He is also the only president he has won the Pulitzer Prize (in his book The Courageous People). During Kennedy's tenure, many historical events such as the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the construction of the Berlin wall, the US-Soviet space development competition, the rise of the civil rights movement, and the deterioration of the situation in Vietnam have occurred, especially in Cuba. In responding to the crisis, some say that they have avoided the crisis of "World War III" and "US-Soviet nuclear war". Kennedy, who became president at a young age, has been expected by the American people since he took office and has been at the top of the American favorite presidential ranking until now, but indecisiveness in the presidential election, relations with Mafia, Marilyn Monroe and others There are also many criticisms of indecisiveness with multiple opponents, the indecisive attitude of the Bay of Pigs and the Vietnam War, and political and military interference with Latin American countries. He was assassinated during a parade in the city on November 22, 1963 for a speech in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was captured as the culprit, was shot dead by Jack Ruby just two days later. The Kennedy assassination case became a historic event, surrounded by numerous mysteries such as its shock and conspiracy theory.

Upbringing

Born May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts, the second son of Irish immigrant and businessman Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. His name is his maternal grandfather, named after John F. Fitzgerald, who was a strong man in Boston at the time and was the mayor of Boston after the Federal House of Representatives.

Roots of the Kennedy family

The Kennedy family's roots began in 1848 when John F. Kennedy's great-grandfather Patrick Kennedy (1823-1858) fled discrimination and famine in Ireland, which was still British territory, and headed for the New World America. The following year, in 1849, he arrived in the United States and settled in Boston, where he had five children, including two boys, with Bridget Murphy (1824-1888), but his third eldest son, John Kennedy III, was cholera. He passed away less than two years old. The youngest son was John F. Kennedy's grandfather Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1858-1929), who eventually got up from a harbor worker in Boston to become a businessman.

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