Siege of Szigetvar
August 8, 2022
The Siege of Sigetvar (Hungarian: Szigetvár ostroma, [ˈsiɡɛtvɑ̈ːr ˌoʃtromɒ], Sigetvar Ostroma, Croatian: Bitka kod Sigeta; is a battle (August 5, 1566 - September 8, 1566) in which the Habsburg Empire ruled Szygetvar, Szygetvar County, Hungary Kingdom, and fought against the Hungarian Royal Army. The castle's garrison was commanded by Nikola Šubić Zrinski (Hungarian: Zrínyi Miklós [ˈzriːɲi ˌmikloːʃ] Zrínyi Miklós [ˈzriːɲi ˌmikloːʃ]), who had been appointed to the former Ban of Croatia-Slavonia-Dalmatia by King Ferdinand I of Hungary. ), the Ottoman army was led by Sultan Suleiman I. The siege of August–September 1566 resulted in the Ottoman victory and the capture of Siggetvar, but resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. At the end of the battle, Suleiman I died, and Nikola Šubić Zrinski was also killed. 20,000 Ottomans were killed, while the 2,300 garrison were almost wiped out. Of the latter, about 600 survived until the final day's all-out assault. Massive casualties and the death of the Sultan forced the Ottomans to withdraw later that year, and the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683 did not threaten Vienna from the Ottomans. In the first half of the 17th century, France's Chancellor Richelieu described the Siege of Szigetvar as "a battle in which civilization (in the West) was saved". Even today, Hungary and Croatia continue to tell stories of this battle in their own poems and operas. The choral song "U Boi, U Boi" is a Croatian patriotic anthem about Zrinski in this battle.