Skiing

Article

January 18, 2022

Skiing (English: skiing) is used as a means of transportation to get off the snow more quickly by wearing two or one dedicated board on both feet. The etymology is from "ski" which means "thin plate" in Norwegian. The Chinese name is snow sliding. Many people enjoy alpine skiing, which was popular in the Alps of Europe, but Nordic skiing, such as cross-country skiing and telemark skiing, which developed in Norway's Scandinavia Peninsula before alpine skiing, is also popular. In Japan, enthusiasts gathered in the hot spring areas where inns were open even during the snowy season, and eventually developed as a ski resort (Goshiki Onsen in Yamagata Prefecture and Nozawa Onsen in Nagano Prefecture are the souls). See "Monoski" for a single dedicated board with both feet aligned and fixed facing the front.

History of skiing

World Ski Trends

It is estimated that skiing originated from around 2500 BC as a means of transportation during the snowy season, or as a means for hunters to move in the snowy mountains in pursuit of prey.・ It has been found in a wide range of areas such as the Korean Peninsula and Sakhalin. In China, it has been confirmed that mural paintings around 8000 BC show skiing, and in Russia, ski ruins around 6000 BC have been excavated. In Norway's Scandinavian Peninsula, mural paintings around 2500 BC have been seen wearing skis by hunters, among others living in the hills of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Ur (god) and Skadi (goddess) have been handed down as ski gods. In addition, "Storume" used by the Ainu people of Sakhalin and Primorskaya Oblast, and "Sorume (snow horse)" used in the mountainous areas of the Korean Peninsula are the prototypes of skis that have the function of walking and sliding on the snow. It is believed that. The description of old skiing in Japan can be found in Masumi Sugae's "Standing Sori" in 1794 and in "Kita Ezo Illustrated" by Rinzō Mamiya after exploring the coastal area from Sakhalin in 1808. There is a figure of an indigenous people (Sakhalin Ainu) wearing skis. From the middle of the 19th century, sports mainly in the Telemark region of southern Norway, means of transportation for climbers at the foot of the mountain, and warfare techniques combined with archery in the Western Alps (in contrast, archery and equestrian in the Orient). Has evolved as. As the number of people who enjoy skiing itself increased, a practice field (piste) was established at the foot of the mountain with a slope suitable for ski practice, and it came to be called a ski resort as a place for sports and leisure independent of its original purpose. In 1825, Sondre Norheim, who was born in the Telemark region, established skiing techniques such as "walking, flying, and sliding" that remain as a sport, and in the 1860s, bindings for fixing skis and ski boots were devised. This is the beginning of modern Nordic skiing. In the 1870s, skiing began to emerge as a modern sport competing for speed and distance from hunting and warfare, and in 1879 the first large-scale ski competition was held in Oslo, Norway. Was done. The techniques of boys who participated in and played an active part in this tournament from the Telemark region of Christiania attracted attention and spread as "telemark technology". Then in 1880 the ski school was established and in 1883 the Ski Association was established. 1880

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