Stanley Baldwin

Article

May 20, 2022

Bewdley's first Count, Stanley Baldwin (1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, August 3, 1867-December 14, 1947) was a British politician, businessman, and aristocrat. After belonging to the Conservative Party and serving as a minister under the national unity government and the Conservative Party administration, he replaced Bonar Law in 1923 as leader of the Conservative Party and served as prime minister three times. 1st Cabinet: 1923-1924, 2nd Cabinet: 1924-1929, 3rd Cabinet: 1935-1937). The first and second cabinets were the Conservative Party's sole government, and the third cabinet was the national unity government. He was also an important minister in the McDonald's National Unity Government from 1931 to 1935, the predecessor of the Third Cabinet. He resigned in 1937 and was replaced by Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister and Conservative Leader. Immediately after his resignation, he was appointed to Count Baldwin of Budley and was listed as a Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Overview

Born in 1867 as the son of a medium-sized cast iron trader. After studying at Trinity College, University of Cambridge, he Joined his father's company (→ upbringing). His father died in February 1908, and he became a member of the Conservative House of Commons from the Bewdley constituency where his father had a seat (→ entered politics). He was appointed Deputy Secretary of State for Treasury in the Lloyd George National Unity Government in 1917 and Secretary of the Commerce Agency from 1921. However, he played a leading role in the dissolution of the Grand Coalition (→ Lloyd George, National Unity Government). When the Conservative Party's sole government, headed by Bonar Law, was born in 1922, he became Minister of Finance and negotiated with the United States on the war bonds of the First World War (→ Bonar Law, Minister of Finance). After Bonar Law retired from illness in May 1923, he took over as prime minister. A general election was held in December 1923 with the aim of introducing an imperial preferential tariff system, but the conservative party's seats were greatly reduced due to the opposition to protectionist trade, and it was distrusted by the new parliament in January 1924. The proposal was resolved and forced to resign (→ 1st Baldwin Cabinet). The first MacDonald Cabinet of the first Labor Party, which was established in January 1924, was increasingly criticized for diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and the Campbell case, and was forced into a general election in October. He used the Zinoviev letter case discovered during the election campaign to criticize the relationship between the Labor Party and the Soviet Union and won the general election (→ Opposition period against the First MacDonald Cabinet). In November 1924 he formed the second cabinet. He returned to the gold standard in April 1925 under the leadership of Finance Minister Churchill, but it was a big blow to the coal industry's overseas sales channels and triggered a 1926 Zenest by reducing salaries. He took a tough stance to suppress the general strike and forced the Trades Union Congress to surrender. On the diplomatic side, Foreign Minister A. Chamberlain led the Locarno Treaty in 1925 and the Kellogg-Brian Treaty in 1928 to ease tensions. From October to November 1926 he hosted the Imperial Diet and published the Balfour Report. However, because he was defeated by the Labor Party in the general election in May 1929, he was forced to Shimono (→ Second Baldwin Cabinet). The second MacDonald Cabinet of the Labor Party administration, which was established in June 1929, split between the cabinet and the party over the unemployment allowance cut due to the Great Depression at the end of October of the same year. McDonald's austerity policy was shared with the mainstream Labor Party, and Baldwin decided to cooperate with McDonald's with the help of King George V (→ Opposition period for the Second McDonald's Cabinet). Joined the McDonald's National Unity Government, which was established in August 1931, as the President of the Privy Council. McDonald's