Taro and Jiro
Taro (October 1955 (Showa 30) -August 11, 1970 (Showa 45)) and Giro (October 1955 (Showa 30) -July 9, 1960 (Showa 35)) He is the brother of Sakhalin Husky who accompanied the early Antarctic region observation team by Japan. He survived together while being left behind in Antarctica, and became famous for being rescued a year later.
Born in January 1956 in Wakkanai City as a child of Furen's bear and Kuro, he was the three brothers of Taro, Jiro, and Saburo. The name was given by Tetsuo Inukai, a professor at Hokkaido University, who was collecting Sakhalin dogs for the Antarctic Research Expedition at that time. This name is named after the Sakhalin dog, Taro and Jiro (also known as "Taro and Jiro" or "Taro and Jiro"), who played an active role as the leading dog for dog sledding during Nobu Shirase's expedition to the South Pole.
In 1956 (Showa 31), the Antarctic Research Expedition decided to use a dog sled by Sakhalin Husky. At that time, there were about 1,000 Sakhalin dogs in Hokkaido, but only about 40 to 50 dogs were suitable for dog sledding. Twenty-three of them, including three brothers and their father, were collected and trained by Naotarou Goto from Sakhalin in Wakkanai. Of these, Saburo died of illness during training.
First Antarctic Research Expedition
In November 1956 (Showa 31), a total of 53 members of the 1st Antarctic Research Expedition departed from Tokyo Bay to the South Pole on the Antarctic Research Expedition "Soya" with 22 Sakhalin dogs including Taro and Jiro. Soya has a special air-conditioning room for crossing the equator for the heat-sensitive Sakhalin dogs. Eleven of the members are selected as the first wintering party, of which Toru Kikuchi and Taiichi Kitamura, the youngest, are appointed as dog clerk (according to Kitamura's own description, "dog hanging"). Upon arriving at Syowa Station, 19 dogs, excluding the three who returned home due to illness, were used for dog sledding in the 1957 winter corps. Two died of illness during the wintering and one went missing. In addition, the female Shiroko gave birth to eight offspring with Giro and others.
In December 1957 (Showa 32), Soya arrived near the South Pole. Soya was carrying the 2nd wintering party in order to replace the 1st member at Syowa Station and overwinter. However, due to the rare bad weather in recent years, Soya could not reach Syowa Station.
On February 6, 1958 (Showa 33), he succeeded in escaping to the open sea for the first time in 46 days, and on the 7th, he met with the US Navy's wind-class icebreaker "Burton Island". With support, he re-entered the dense ice on the 8th. On the 11th, 11 members of the 1st wintering party, Takeshi, a male calico cat, and 2 canaries returned to Soya, divided into 6 flights. On the 12th, three members of the second squad arrived at Syowa Station as an advance corps. Air transportation became difficult on the 13th due to bad weather.
On the 14th, the weather worsened, and the escape of the Ba-go itself from the ice sea was in jeopardy. At 10 am, Captain Nagata instructed the three to return to Soya because they plan to re-enter as soon as the weather recovers after going out to the open sea, but the three are the food left by the first squad and the Sakhalin dog. If there is a plan to re-enter, I would like to continue preparing for wintering as it is, and even if I could not re-enter, I strongly insisted that it is possible for three people to overwinter.
At noon, the captain returned the following ultimatum. "It is the supreme order of Captain Ba to accommodate three people and go out to the open sea, and there is only one possibility of air transportation in terms of weather. I want you to be sure to return to the ship while it is still in a chain so that it will not be damaged. "