Thomas Edison

Article

August 8, 2022

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and entrepreneur. He dominated America's power system with his sponsor JP Morgan, his secretary Samuel Insull, and the Mellon conglomerate.

Overview

Known as an outstanding inventor, he made some 1,300 inventions and innovations in his lifetime. Examples are gramophones, incandescent light bulbs, and motion pictures. Edison received a huge amount of investment and support from J.P. Morgan and established the Edison General Electric Company (Edison General Electric, now General Electric GE). GE has succeeded in commercializing not only home appliances such as light bulbs, but also electric power systems, from power generation to transmission. Edison founded a total of 14 companies. There was only one Japanese assistant (Yoshiro Okabe). Edison goes by many names and is often referred to as the "King of Inventions". He was also called "The Wizard of Menlo Park," after the city of Menlo Park, New Jersey, where his laboratory was located. Menlo Park is now renamed Edison. Along with the Lumiere brothers, he is also called the "father of cinema". He is also known as the "King of Litigation" due to his willingness to file lawsuits to protect the rights to his inventions. Edison is known as "a man of effort", "a very hard worker", and "an indomitable man". From an early age, he was faced with the difficulty of not receiving a formal education, but he studied on his own in places such as libraries. He is also known for his anecdote about how he saved a little money by working as a newspaper salesman and built his own laboratory. By the time he was 16, he was working as a telegraph engineer, wandering around the country and continuing to learn on his own by reading through scientific journals. Despite his deafness, he is known for his hard work and success. Edison was so fixated on the direct current power transmission that he had chosen and adopted that he could not accept the superiority of alternating current power transmission. He also considered building a helicopter, but was forced to abandon it due to safety concerns, and was beaten by the Wright brothers. He is also known for his blemishes, such as his use of various dirty propaganda schemes in his battles with Nikola Tesla and Westinghouse to create the image that "alternating current is dangerous" (and Georges Méliès). There is also the fact that he copied his masterpiece "Travel to the Moon" without permission before it was released and sold it to movie theaters all over the United States, earning him a huge amount of money). After losing the battle over the generator to be delivered to the power plant, J.P. Morgan, who invested in the Edison General Electric Company and had a majority of the shares and became the virtual owner, was abandoned. , Edison lost his position as president of the company he had originally founded, was treated as irrelevant to the company, and experienced the humiliation of having his name removed from the company name.

lifetime

Birth

February 11, 1847 in Mylan, Ohio by father Samuel Ogden Jr. (16 August 1804 – 1896 Dutch) and mother Nancy Elliott (4 January 1810 – 1871 Scottish) born between Thomas was the youngest of their seven children, and his family moved to Mississippi when Thomas Alba was seven years old.