May 21, 2022

German (Germany, Germany: Deutsche) is the definition of the inhabitants distributed in Europe centering on Germany. It has the following three definitions depending on the context. A citizen, nationality holder, or equivalent of the Federal Republic of Germany (or historical Germany, the Democratic Republic of Germany, West Berlin). In the past, there were nations called "German Holy Roman Empire", "German Confederation" (different from the current German Confederation), and "German Empire". The people of Germany, Luxembourg, Lichtenstein, etc. to which they belong are often considered by the second definition (third depending on their origin). Also, the people of the Czech Republic, Slovenia, etc., who belonged to the Holy Roman Empire for many years but were ethnically different and almost abandoned the German language, are not called Germans by any definition (especially in Prague, Czech Republic, the capital of the Holy Roman Empire is Placed twice). A person who believes or is believed to belong to the German people (German Minzoku). A person whose mother tongue is German.

German as a "nation"

A person (national) who holds the nationality of a country that claims to be "Germany". In modern times, it generally refers to the case of holding the nationality of the Federal Republic of Germany. In this case, the "German" includes naturalized foreigners and ethnic groups, so it is easy to be taken negatively by nationalist Germans. On the other hand, the "Brandenburg region" centered on Berlin, where the Kingdom of Prussia, which was the center of the unification of Germany, was a mixed area of ​​Poles and Sorbs of Western Slavic origin and Kashubians, and many "Brandenburgs" in the kingdom. "Polish" Prussians were active (Klausewitz, famous for his war theory, was also Polish). Many of them have acquired nationality while retaining their unique identities as Poles-Germans, and in that sense it can be said that the existence of naturalized people is not unusual in Germany. In addition, the Huguenot (Calvinist) French people who were persecuted by the Kingdom of France, fled to Germany, were accepted by Friedrich II of the Kingdom of Prussian and were naturalized, and settled in Berlin and Frankfurt, are also Germany as "nations". Corresponds to a person. In this way, German nationality holders include the Sorbs, a minority who speaks the Sorb language of the West Slavic language group (eg, former soccer player Michael Barrack), and Polish (typically the former German representative of soccer). Aces of Miloslav Krose, Lucas Podolski, Pierre Litobalsky, etc.), Danish, Dutch (Beethoven, etc.), French Yugno's descendants (Lothar de Maizier, the last Prime Minister of East Germany, and Ulrich De Maizier, General Manager of the German Federal Army) The number of Jews (eg Felix Mendelszone, Heinrich Heine, etc.), although the number decreased due to the influence of the Holocaust by the Nazis, etc. Although the idea of ​​distinguishing from Germans is denied, there are people who have built their own identity as an ethnic group different from Germans), and many of them do not have nationality, but Turkish people (eg soccer player Ilhan ・Various ethnic groups such as Manshizu) live in it. "People