German

Article

May 21, 2022

German (German, German: Deutsch, deutsche Sprache) is a language belonging to the West Germanic languages ​​of the Indo-European and Germanic languages. Mainly spelled in the German alphabet. The speaker population is about 130 million, of which about 100 million are the first language. In Chinese characters, it is written as German, and is generally abbreviated as German or German. The language code according to ISO 639 is de for two letters and deu for three letters. Currently, about 3% of the total Internet population is German, the sixth language after English, Chinese, Spanish, Japanese and Portuguese. In terms of the number of web pages, about 6% of all sites are German pages, which is the second language after English. Within the EU, the native language population is the largest in the region (after Russian in all of Europe), and the speaker population is second only to English. However, because the colonial policies of Germany and Austria, which have few coastlines, have been carried out mainly in Europe for a long time, they are not globalized like English, French, and Spanish, and are basically based on the same ethnic group. Most of the area is the native language area and the area used by the former rulers adjacent to it. Due to the above circumstances and the significant reduction of the territory of both countries (many of which were born independently of the former German empires such as the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Empire), there are a large number of countries only in Europe. It is also characteristic that it is used in the native language in the country.

German-speaking

Countries whose official language is German

Germany Austria Liechtenstein Luxembourg (also used in Luxembourgish and French) In the above four countries, most of the people are native speakers of German. Switzerland (Other Italian, French, Romansh) In Switzerland, native speakers of German speak 64% of the total population, making it the largest language group in Switzerland. German is widely spoken in the central and eastern parts of the country, centered on Bern and Zurich. Belgium (French, Dutch) German speakers in Belgium make up less than 1% of the population and are not a common language at all. However, German speakers in Belgium are concentrated in the easternmost region of Belgium, which was transferred from Germany by the Versailles Treaty in 1919, so they have their own language community, the German community, and their own along with French and Dutch. It is one of the three languages ​​with a language community.

A country that once used German as its official language

Namibia Even in Namibia, it was the official language during the German and South African eras from 1884 to 1990.

Regions where German is used, although it is not an official language

Italy: The official language of the Trentino-Alto Adige (South Tyrol) region (formerly the Austrian Empire) Trentino-Alto Adige was once the Austrian territory, especially the northern Alto Adige (Bolzano Autonomous Province). ) Is a part of Tyrol, which is a German-speaking country, as it was once called South Tyrol, so it is dominated by German speakers, and German is also an official language along with Italian. Alsace region (Alsatian) (in German, Elsass) Moselle Province in the Lorraine region [1] (France: about 1.2 million people) Alsace-Lore.