Deutsches Reich (Großdeutsches Reich)
National slogan: "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer." (German: one race, one nation, one president) National anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen (German) (No. 1 only) German song Horst-Wessel-Lied (German) Horst Wessel's Song German territory during World War II (1942)
Nazi Germany (Germany: Nazi-Deutschland, NS-Deutschland, UK: Nazi Germany) was under the control of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP, Nazi Party) from 1933 to 1945. It is a name for Germany. It has become a totalitarian state in which the idea of Nazism is enforced in almost every aspect of society. The invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 led to the declaration of war between Britain and France, causing World War II. Although it temporarily took control of almost all of Europe, the war situation gradually deteriorated, and in the latter half of 1943 it became completely inferior. Hitler commits suicide before the Red Army's all-out attack on Berlin. Later, Hitler's will made Karl Dönitz the president. And the Flensburg government existed for a short time as a caretaker government. Then, on May 7, 1945, he was defeated by the Allied Forces. The absence of the central government was declared, dismantled and destroyed.
Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933 by President Paul von Hindenburg of the Weimar Republic. Soon after the Constitution was virtually suspended by the Presidential Decree and the Enabling Act, Hitler was eradicated by banning opposing parties such as the Social Democratic Party Forced Dissolution Act and purging the sturmabteilung by the night of the long knife. The central dictatorship has been strengthened. On the other hand, the government was not a systematic and cooperative organization, but a group of parties struggling for Hitler's sentiment and power. After Hindenburg's death on August 2, 1934, Hitler became a German dictator, both in name and reality, by integrating the powers of the Prime Minister's Office and the Presidential Office, as well as absorbing the power of the Head of State as an individual. The status of Hitler, who became the head of state, is called the Führer in Japanese. Due to the Great Depression, the German economy was bottomed out and a large number of unemployed people were abundant. Achieved (Nazi Germany's economy).
Racism, especially anti-Semitism, was a central feature of the administration. The Germanic (northern race) were considered to be the purest Aryan race and thus the master race. Liberals, socialists, and communists were killed, imprisoned, or deported. The Christian Church was also imprisoned and oppressed by many leaders. From a racist point of view, education focused on population policy and health. Women's employment and educational opportunities have been deprived. Entertainment and travel were organized by the Strength Through Joy program. Promotion Minister Joseph Goebbels made good use of movies, large-scale rallies, and Hitler's brainwashing speeches to manipulate public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, encouraged certain forms of art, and banned or suppressed others as decadent art. At the 1936 Summer Olympics, Germany was promoted on the international stage as the "Third Reich", the ideal nation advocated by the Nazi Party.
Nazi Germany gradually made aggressive territorial demands, threatening to wage war if the demands were not met. Austria in 1938, 1939 the following year.