Seizure of power of the Nazi party
The Nazi seizure of power (Nazi seizure, German: Machtergreifung) is a seizure of power in Germany by the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) led by Adolf Hitler in German history. It describes a series of historical facts such as the process, the collapse of the imperial government due to the defeat of World War I, the turmoil of the Weimal Republican government, and the establishment of Nazi Germany.
The Nazi party has "legally" gained a mighty power that Germany's previous cabinet and president's successive administrations could not gain. This process of seizing power can be broadly divided into two periods. The period from when the Nazi party became one of the leading political parties in the country until the Hitler Cabinet was established on January 30, 1933, and when Hitler and the Nazi party came into power almost wiped out domestic political opponents, and had legislative and administrative powers. It is the period until the party, the state and Hitler control the power in Germany including the three judiciary powers. The latter process was short-lived within almost two years of gaining power.
World War I defeat
During the Weimar Republic, Germany was given enormous compensation as a defeated nation by the Treaty of Versailles, a peace treaty of World War I, and its territory was ceded.
Germany lost its foreign colonies and Alsace-Lorraine from the Franco-Prussian War, the Rhineland was disarmed, and the Saar region was placed under the control of the League of Nations. Until the Nazi administration re-armed the Rhineland in 1936, an international order called the Versailles regime was formed.
In addition, the limited armament forced a large number of military personnel to lose their jobs, becoming unemployed and members of the armed organization "Freikorps", which became a factor of social instability. Between them and those who remained in the army, the conspiracy theory that "the Jewish-inspired communists caused the German Revolution and brought about the defeat of the German Empire", "Stab-in-the-back" Disseminated. Marshal Paul von Hindenburg, who commanded the German army, General Erich Ludendorff, General Max Powell, and General von Wrisberg, who had real power during the war, also testified that the legend of the stab-in-the-middle was true, and the responsibility for the defeat of the war was Jewish. People and communists said they were on the left. In addition, Piotr Shabelsky-Bor, who fled Ukraine during the Russian Revolution, wrote the The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a theologian of the German Evangelical Church, about the international plot of Jews. Handed over to Hausen, in 1920 Müller published a German translation under a pseudonym and sold 120,000 copies. Müller argues that the only way to solve the Jewish problem is to lock in Jews, banning foreign Jews from entering the country, banning German schools, nationalizing the financial industry, and being run by Jews. Jewish ordinances (Juden Ordnung), such as the Nuremberg Act later, were proposed and violated, listing the mandatory posting of David's star in shops, the prohibition of giving German names, and the prohibition of Jewish groups. The person claimed to be sentenced to death. Klaas of the All-German Confederation upheld the draft Jewish Ordinance.
Meanwhile, the Communist Party of Germany, under the command of the Communist International, was expanding its power with the aim of another revolution. In addition, the parliamentary party did not appear until the end to obtain a stable majority, and the guidance of the prime minister based on the parliament was unstable. Also, the tradition from before the German Empire.