Habsburg Empire

Article

August 8, 2022

Habsburg Empire Habsburg Monarchy Habsburgisches ReichHabsburgermonarchie Territory of the Habsburg Empire (1789) The Habsburg Empire (Habsburg Empire) is a monarchy federation of states such as territorial states inside and outside the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by monarchs of the Austrian Habsburg family (later Habsburg-Lothringen family). It is said to have been established in 1526, when the House of Habsburg acquired the Kingdom of Hungary (Royal Hungary) and the Kingdom of Bohemia (Crown of Bohemia) in addition to the Grand Duchy of Austria. Although it did not have an official name until 1804, even contemporaries recognized it as a de facto unitary state, calling it Austria. However, the group of nations in the earlier era, which was ruled by Charles V, who was also the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, is sometimes called the 'Habsburg Empire', which means 'the empire of the Habsburgs'.

Name

Although there was a time when it was not a single 'empire', or the ruler who assumed the throne was not 'emperor', this name is often used in Japanese. In German it is Habsburgermonarchie or Habsburgisches Reich, the former being the Habsburg monarchy, and in the latter case Reich does not necessarily mean 'Empire'.

History and Features

Holy Roman Empire

Since Rudolf I in the 13th century, the Habsburgs have held the territory centered on present-day Austria and Slovenia as a territory within the Holy Roman Empire. Austria was part of the Empire's margrave territory and formed the Principality of Austria (Ostmark), but Rudolf IV called himself 'Grand Duke', and later Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III formally 'Grand Duke' under imperial law. The Grand Duchy of Austria emerged under the title of Since then, Austria's position in the Empire has risen significantly. In 1526, when King Lajos II of Hungary was killed at the Battle of Mohacs, Emperor Charles V's brother, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (later Emperor Ferdinand I), succeeded to the throne of Hungary and Bohemia. Bohemia is a kingdom within the empire, and although the king of Bohemia was one of the electors, it is highly independent, and Hungary is outside the territory of the empire. I put each under my control by qualification. On the other hand, the Habsburgs effectively inherited the throne of Holy Roman Emperor and formally ruled over the territory of the empire centered on Germany, but in reality their rule extended beyond the territory of the Habsburgs. I didn't know. The territories within and outside the empire over which the Habsburgs ruled had no official names as a whole, but effectively functioned as a single state. Contemporaries also recognized it as a state and called it Austria (Esterreich). The Habsburg-owned bureaucracy was reorganized and diversified by Ferdinand I. At the top was the Privy Advisory Council (Der Geheimer Rath). This supreme institution put the interests of the Habsburg dynasty above the opinions of the emperor, even in the midst of the Thirty Years' War, which ravaged much of Germany. There have always been Bohemians in parliament, one of whom, Wenzel Eusebius von Lobkowitz, declared the meeting to be the Privy Council "Diet.