Bavaria (Standard German / Bavarian: Freistaat Bayern) is one of the federal states of the Federal Republic of Germany and is located in the southern part of Germany. In Japanese, it is usually called Bavaria. The state capital is Munich.
It has headquarters for BMW and Audi. It is also the birthplace of the Agricultural Machinery Bank.
The official names are "Free State of Bavaria" and "Free State of Bavaria". The pronunciation of "Bayern" in Germany is closer to "Bavarian" [baɪəɐn] (audio file) or "Bavarian" [baɪɐn] (audio file) than "Bavarian". However, in hard sentences, it is sometimes read as "Bavarian" [baɪərn] in the old-fashioned stage German pronunciation that does not make "r" a vowel.
It is called "Bavaria" in English, "Bavaria" in Latin, "Baviera" in Italian, and "Baviera" in Spanish. The name of the confectionery, bavarois, is a French adjective meaning "Bavarian", and the French form of the place name "Bavarian" itself is "Bavière".
It is the largest state in Germany and is located on the border with Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Austria. The southern part is a mountainous area, and many tourists visit it, such as summer summer resorts and winter skiing.
The current territory of Bavaria includes the Franconia region centered on Würzburg and the eastern part of the Swabian region centered on Augsburg (including Bayerisch-Schwaben. The Oberbayern district among the seven administrative districts in the state. The southern region of the Nieder-Bavarian and Augsburg regions is the historically narrow Bavarian region called Altbayern (Paleo-Bavarian). Pfalz, a territory from the time of the Kingdom of Bavarian The province was merged with the surrounding area in 1946 to become part of the province of Bavaria-Swabia.
After the Holy Roman Empire established the Great Principality of Bavaria in the 10th century, Bavaria remained influential as the main territorial state of Southern Germany, the elected prince, until the fall of the empire. The Bavarian Kingdom was formed by the merger. Even after the establishment of the German Empire in 1872, the Kingdom of Bavaria continued to exist under the empire. The state of Bavaria as the federal state of the current Federal Republic of Germany also inherits almost the territory of the former Kingdom of Bavaria.
Bavaria was ruled by the Wittelsbach family after the 12th century until the German Revolution abolished the royal system. Ludwig II, who protected Richard Wagner and was called the "mad king," and Elisabeth, the empress of Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I, who was called the "Bavarian rose," are members of the Wittelsbach family.
The Landtag is a unicameral system, and members are elected by a mixed-member proportional representation system. The number of seats as of 2020 is 205. In the state parliamentary election held on October 14, 2018, the "vote rate / number of seats won (increase / decrease from the previous 2013 election) / seat occupancy rate" of each party is as follows. It is a street.
Christian Social Union (CSU) 37.2% / 85 seats (-16) / 41.5%
Alliance 90 / The Greens Party (B90 / G) 17.5% / 38 seats (+20) / 18.5%
Free voters (FW) 11.6% / 27 seats (+8) / 13.2%
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 10.2%