Bus Conceros Library
The Basconcellos Library (Biblioteca Vasconcelos, Spanish: Biblioteca Vasconcelos) is a library in the heart of Mexico City, completed on May 16, 2006 and opened on June 1, 2006. Due to its unique design, it is often featured in art and architecture magazines and publications.
The name of the library comes from José Vasconceros, the director of the National Library of Mexico, who promoted reading in the early 20th century.
It is located in the Buena Vista district, northwest of the historic center of Mexico City, and east of Buena Vista Station, the terminal station of the Mexico City Suburban Railway.
The library building was designed by Mexican architect Alberto Kalach. The site area is 38,094 square meters and includes the library itself, garden, greenhouse and bookstore. It holds 575,000 books, but can store up to 2 million books. With a total of more than 1,725,000 users per year, it is one of the most used libraries in Latin America.
Initial estimates cost 954 million pesos (about $ 98 million) to build the library. Congress has proposed a budget cut, but the National Action Party (the ruling party of President Vicente Fox) will spend the budget for Encyclomedia (en: Encclomedia, a failed online teaching material project) for the library. I suggested that.
The ceiling and walls are covered with transparent glass, and the interior is bright. It consists of 3 floors above ground and 1 floor below ground. 325 cars can be parked in the parking lot.
Books are classified according to the Dewey Decimal Classification. A list of books can be searched from the official website.
There is a multimedia room, a children's room, a Braille room, a music room, a hall, and a multipurpose room, and 640 computers that can connect to the Internet free of charge are installed.
Various sculptures by Mexican artists are set up in the library. Perhaps the most shocking work is Gabriel Orozco's "Mátrix Móvil" (a sculpture that imitates the skeleton of a marine mammal) in the center of the main floor.
To commemorate the 10th anniversary of the museum's opening, a new space and collection was unveiled in 2016.
In 2001, Sari Bermudes of the National Agency for Cultural Arts proposed to President Vicente Fox to rebuild the Mexican Library at es: La Ciudadela (Ciudad de México). An international competition was held on May 16, 2003, and the adoption of Alberto Kalach's proposal was announced on October 3.
The Karachi plan is characterized by its gardens, and it tried to build a cultural space where you can enjoy a panoramic view of nature away from the hustle and bustle of a big city. The garden is 26,000 square meters in size, with priority given to the Valley of Mexico and plants native to Mexico. The building is 35 meters wide and is divided into three blocks of 82 meters each. The steel and glass bookshelves are hung in the air and can be increased or decreased according to the number of books in the collection.
Lighting is mostly provided by natural light. There are large windows around the building, which are arranged in a sawtooth pattern on the north side. The light does not shine directly into the hall, preventing the books from being damaged.
At the time of opening, supporters pointed out that there are no cultural facilities in the northern part of Mexico City and that the number of users from the Mexico City metropolitan area is increasing. Opponents pointed out that the cost of construction is high and that more libraries should be built in different parts of the country than building a large centralized library.