Fatima morning

Article

July 5, 2022

Fatima morning الخلافة الفاיمية The Fatimid dynasty (Fatimid dynasty, Arabic: الخلافة الفاיمية, Al-Khilafah al-Fāṭimīyah) is an Islamic dynasty founded by the Shiite Islamic sect (909-1171). The monarch refers to the descendants of Isma'il, an imam that the Islamic sect served during the division from other Shiites, and to the caliphs of the Abbas dynasty, the leader of the Sunni Islamic world. did. The dynasty name Fatima is derived from Fatima, the wife of Ally and the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad, the first Imam, the ancestor of Ismail. The Fatimid dynasty flourished in Ifriqiya (now Tunisia) in North Africa, and later moved to Cairo to rule mainly in Egypt. He set out the Isma'il religion as the principle of the dynasty and had a strong sense of opposition to the Abbasid dynasty, such as calling the caliph. At the same time, three caliphs stood in the Islamic world as the Umayyad dynasty called the caliphs after the Sunnis in Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. From there, in Japan, the Fatimid dynasty, which is geographically located in the middle of the three caliphs, was once known as the "Middle Caliphate".

History

Founding country

The origin of the Fatimid dynasty was the Isma'ilism formed by a group that supported the succession of the firstborn Isma'il to the Imam position when Ja'far al-Sadik, the sixth Imam of the Shiites, died in the latter half of the 8th century. be. After Isma'il's death, the imam disappeared from this sect and the religion declined, but in the latter half of the 9th century, Isma'il's son Muhammad was a hidden imam that had disappeared from this world, and eventually returned as a savior (Mahdi). , Began to insist on the doctrine of revealing the hidden truth, and actively engaged in preaching activities. Abdullah (Abdullah Mahdi), the founder of the Fatimid dynasty, is a leader of the Isma'ilist missionary movement, which refers to the descendants of Isma'ilism. It had become. Following the instructions of Abd Allah, Abu Abdallah (also known as Alhasan Bun Zakarya), a missionary who was active in North Africa away from Syria, the home of severe persecution of Isma'ilists, supported the local Amazighs. He succeeded in gathering and organizing military power, and in 909 destroyed the Abdallah dynasty, which ruled central North Africa centered on Ifriqiya. They welcomed Abd Allah from Syria to North Africa and pushed him to the caliphate, where the Fatimid dynasty was founded in Tunisia. Abd Allah eradicated Abu Abdallah, a meritorious dynasty builder, and established the dictatorship of the caliphate. Solidified control.

Expansion of the Fatimid dynasty

Abd Allah's advance into North Africa was positioned as the first step in building the foundation of the dynasty in the west and destroying the Abbasid dynasty in eastern Baghdad, so the Fatimid dynasty moved eastward from the beginning of the dynasty. Expeditionary forces were often dispatched to Egypt in an attempt to advance. This series of expeditionary force dispatch is