Figure skating


November 28, 2021

Figure skating (English: figure skating) is a competition in which you combine techniques such as steps, spins, and jumps on a skating rink and skate on music. The name comes from the competition of skating to accurately draw figures on links. Single skating, pair skating, and ice dancing are official winter Olympic games. In addition, the world championships are also held for synchronized skating, which is performed in groups.


The origin of skating is not clear, but prehistoric skates were already used in Scandinavia with animal bone blades. It traveled south to the Netherlands, and with the development of the canal, it was carried out by all levels of the people. Farmers were keen on skating to reach their destination as soon as possible on a frozen canal, but aristocrats preferred artistic skating, which emphasized elegance and manners over competitiveness. Their style of skating came to be called "Dutch roll", which means Dutch skating, and became the prototype of figure skating. This was eventually introduced to Scotland, where enthusiasts began to study the technique of drawing and sliding. On the other hand, in France and Germany, artistic gliding movements were studied. After that, since the world's first skating club was established in Edinburgh, England in 1742, skating clubs were established in each country, and figure skating competitions were also held in the form unique to each country. Initially flourishing throughout Europe, in 1882 the first international figure skating competition was held in Vienna. In 1892, the International Skating Union, which governs skating competitions internationally, was established, and the World Championships began in 1896. However, at this time, only men's singles were held, and in 1906 for women's singles and 1908 for pairs, competitions equivalent to the world championships were held separately. Ice dancing first joined the world championships in 1952. The birthplace of figure skating in Japan is said to be Goshokunuma (moat of Sendai Castle) in Sendai City, but the theory that it started around 1897 (Meiji 30) and the theory that it started around 1905 (Meiji 38). There is. On February 11, 1922 (Taisho 11), Japan's first official figure skating match was held at Shimosuwa Link (see All Japan Figure Skating Championships). At the Olympic Games, it was first held at the 1908 Summer Olympic Games. The Summer Olympics are held only at this Games and the 1920 Games, and have been held at the Winter Olympics every time since the Chamonix Olympics were held in 1924.

Tools / Facilities

Skating shoes Wear special skates for figure skating. Men often wear black and women often wear white or beige shoes. Skates consist of leather or plastic shoe parts and slightly curved metal parts called blades, which weigh about 2 kg. The part where the blade comes into direct contact with the ice is called the edge. The thickness of the edge is about 3-4mm, and there is a groove in the center. The blade for figure skating is characterized by a jagged tip, and this jagged part is called a toe pick (toe) and is used when jumping or spinning. There is also a blade for ice dancing with a small toe and a short heel.

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