Ferdinand Marcos

Article

May 21, 2022

Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (Spanish: Ferdinand Edralin Marcos, September 11, 1917-September 28, 1989) is a politician in the Republic of the Philippines. He is the 10th President of the Republic of the Philippines. He reigned in the Philippines as a dictator and held power for about 20 years, but was overthrown by the 1986 People Power Revolution.

Career

When I was a student

Born in the Philippines under colonial rule in the United States. His father was a lawyer and a member of the Ilocos Norte parliament, and his mother was a teacher. He was the second of four brothers. He was charged in 1937 with the assassination of a member of the House of Representatives who was in political conflict with his father when he was a student in the Faculty of Law at the University of the Philippines, and was convicted in November of the same year. He was pardoned by President Manuel Quezon, but refused to do so and spent time preparing for the trial and studying the bar exam in prison (later the bar exam passed at the top). The following year, he was acquitted by a Supreme Court decision.

During the war

When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941, in January 1942, Japanese troops advanced to the Philippines, which was a colony of the United States at that time. At this time, Marcos served as a combat information bureau member of the 21st Infantry Division of the "Philippines Autonomous Army" with the support of the United States, and confronted the Japanese army. According to a later Marcos biography, "Marcos, who was a lieutenant when the Japanese troops advanced into the American colony of the Philippines in January 1942, was in the rear of Japan with three recruits who were 18 years old. He broke through the military front, killed 50 enemy soldiers, destroyed the Japanese mortar that had nailed the division, and when he was taken prisoner of the Japanese, he counterattacked and escaped while being tortured. "I did." Due to this military service, he was promoted to captain and nominated for the Medal of Honor. In January of the same year, the Japanese troops who expelled the US troops occupied Manila bloodlessly, and although Marcos escaped from the Bataan Death March, the subsequent trend is unknown. Marcos's alleged "activity in anti-Japanese guerrilla activities" was a major factor in his subsequent political success. However, later published records from the US Archives reveal that his wartime activity was negligible or completely nonexistent. Furthermore, the above-mentioned battles with the Japanese army have not been recorded.

As a member of parliament

From 1946 to 1947 after the independence of the Philippines, he served as an aide to President Manuel Roxas and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1949. Then I will be president in 20 years. " He was replaced by a Senator in 1959 and chaired the Senate from 1962 to 1965. In 1954 he married Miss Manila's Imelda Marcos and was blessed with three children between the two. Aimi Marcos, the eldest daughter and still a member of the Philippine House of Representatives. Ferdenand Marcos jr, the eldest son and governor of Northern Ilocos. And my second daughter, Irene Marcos. In 2004, a Sydney newspaper reported that Marcos had a daughter born in 1971 between Marcos and his swimsuit model, but Marcos also had 17 illegitimate children. There are rumors. Until his time as a member, most of Marcos' political experience was as a member of the Filipino Liberal Party. He sought to nominate a party candidate in the 1965 presidential election, but was nominated by incumbent President Diosdad Macapá.