Hermann Paul Maximilian Abendroth (January 19, 1883 – May 29, 1956) was a German conductor who was active in Europe.
Born in Frankfurt am Main to a large book dealer, he began playing the violin at the age of seven.
He went on to study for bookstores in Munich. Invited by his friend to join an art circle, he performed with the Keim Orchestra (currently the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra) and aspired to become a conductor. started studying music. From 1900, he studied conducting at the Munich Conservatory (now the University of Music and Performing Arts Munich) under Felix Mottl, music and composition under Ludwig Thuille, and piano under Anna Langenham Hirzel.
From 1905 he started as a professional conductor in the city of Lübeck. During this time he met Elisabeth Walter, who later became his wife. Abendroth was succeeded by Wilhelm Furtwängler. From 1911 to 1914 he was Music Director of the City of Essen.
In 1914 he succeeded Fritz Steinbach as director of the Cologne Conservatory and from 1915 to 1934 conducted the Gürzenich Orchestra of Cologne. In 1918 he became music director of the city of Cologne. In 1919 he became a professor. He received a request from Konrad Adenauer, then mayor of Cologne, and cooperated with Walter Braunfels to turn the Cologne Conservatory into a Cologne Music University. In 1922, he began conducting at the Berlin State Opera. From 1931 to 1932 he conducted the City of Bonn Orchestra.
Since his days as music director of Cologne, he has traveled extensively abroad, conducting in Moscow and Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) in the Soviet Union. He conducted the London Symphony Orchestra from 1926 to 1937, and the recordings of Johannes Brahms' Symphonies Nos. 1 and 4 produced during this period have attracted the attention of Brahms scholars. He made frequent guest appearances in Paris, and when he conducted the Paris Conservatoire Orchestra during World War II, he performed with Alfred Cortot and Ginette Neveu in works by Ludwig van Beethoven. there is In the Netherlands, where he has been a guest performer since he was active mainly in Cologne, he also conducts the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra, and works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Beethoven, Franz Joseph Haydn, Gustav Mahler and Max Reger. directed the Abendroth was also the first German conductor to visit the Soviet Union and France after the war.
In January 1934, from Nazi Germany, "Be uncooperative with Nazi policies," "Be favorable to the Soviet Union," and "Be favorable to the Jewish community and Jews and their culture." For this reason, he was dismissed from duties such as the president of the Cologne University of Music and was expelled from public office. In the same year, he moved to Leipzig, where the conservative liberal politician Karl Gelderer was mayor, and assumed the post of permanent conductor of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, which was vacant after Bruno Walter defected, and served until the end of the war. rice field. In 1937, however, he was forced to join the Nazi party in exchange for holding the post. Even so, Abendroth himself did not intend to join the party, so