November 28, 2021
Khwarazm Shah Dynasty
خوارز مقاهقان ان
Khwarazm Shah territory
The Anushtegin dynasty (Persian: خوارز مГاهيان Khwārazm shāhiyān Anushtegin dynasty) emerged as a local government of Anushtegin dynasty in the lower Am River and achieved vast territorial rule from Central Asia to the Iranian Plateau by the time it was destroyed by the Mongol Empire. Islamic dynasty (1077-1231). Also called the Horasm dynasty, the Hualam dynasty, and the Corism dynasty.
The self-reliant and semi-self-reliant horism kingdom, which received a monarch with the royal title of horism shah in Persian, has repeatedly risen and fallen as a ruler of horism even before the invasion of Arabs, although it has undergone changes in Islamization.・ The Shah dynasty refers to an administration that became independent from the Seljuk dynasty in the 11th century.
The era of expansion from the founding of the country
The Anushtegin dynasty originated in 1077 when Anushtegin, a Turkic Mamluk who served the Seljuk dynasty, was appointed governor of the Khwarazm region, which was the territory of the Gazna dynasty until about 30 years ago. And. After Anushtegin's death, his son Muhammad Muhammad was appointed by the Seljuk dynasty as governor of horasm around 1097 and called himself Horasm Shah.
After Muhammad's death, Atsiz, who inherited the rank of Anushtegin dynasty, began to show independence from the Seljuk dynasty around 1135. In 1138 he was defeated by the Seljuk Sultan Sanjar, based in Khorasan, south of Khwarazm, and again succumbed to the Seljuk dynasty. Atsiz was murdered by his firstborn son, Atsiz, and there is a passage that called Kara Kitai (Qara Khitai) to Central Asia from the resentment of losing his territory and his son. In 1141, when Sanjar was defeated by Kara Kitai in the Battle of Qatwan, he separated again, and continued to rebel and succumb to Sanjar. However, the Khwarazm region was destroyed by Kara Kitai's general Elves, and he pledged tribute to Kara Kitai.
In 1157, when the Seljuk dynasty of Khorasan was dismantled with the death of Sanjar, Khwarazm Shah became independent again, but this time he was sometimes assigned to Kara Kitai, who replaced the Seljuk dynasty and expanded his power to Central Asia. I had to do it.
From 1172 there was a throne battle between Anushtegin Shah's Sultan Shah and his half-brother Ala al-Dinn Tekish, and Tekish, who became independent in the west against his younger brother, named Sultan for the first time. The struggle is prolonged, but in 1189 Tekish reconciled with Sultan Shah and was granted the throne, and the death of Sultan Shah in 1193 resulted in the final reunification of the Anushtegin dynasty.
During the reign of Tekish, the Anushtegin dynasty began to expand into Iran. In 1194, at the request of the Eldiguzids of the Atabeg administration in Azerbaijan, he defeated Toghrul II of the Iraqi Seljuk dynasty in Ray, central Iran, and destroyed the Seljuk dynasty, and included it in its prints up to western Iran. In 1197, Tekish was officially recognized by the Abbasid Caliphate as the Sultan, who ruled Iraq and Khorasan, and was recognized as the successor to the Great Seljuk dynasty.
Originally from Mamluk, Anushtegin has no tribal ties, but the military power of the dynasty is the Turkic nomads around Anushtegin.