Plurinational State of Bolivia
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Spanish) Bulibiya Suyu (Quechua) Tetã Volívia (Guarani) Buliwiya Mama Llaqta (Aymara)
National motto: La unión es la fuerza! (Spanish: Unity is strength)
National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (Spanish) National Anthem of Bolivia
Plurinational State of Bolivia (West: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, Quechua: Buliwiya Mama Llaqta, Aymara: Bulibiya Suyu), commonly known as Bolivia, is a constitutional republic in the western part of South America. The constitutional capital is Sucre, but La Paz is the de facto capital, and is home to the parliament and other major government organs. At 3,600 meters above sea level, La Paz is the highest capital city in the world.
Since it was defeated in the Pacific War (1879-1884) and lost the Pacific coast to Chile, it has become a landlocked country: Chile to the southwest, Peru to the northwest, Brazil to the northeast, Paraguay to the southeast, and Paraguay to the south borders with Argentina.
The land area is about 1.1 million square kilometers, about 3.3 times that of Japan. It is the 8th largest country in the Americas, the 6th largest in Latin America, and the 27th largest in the world, although it was much larger before it was seized by its neighbors as mentioned above. Bolivia has not given up on recapturing the territories on the Pacific coast. In addition to maintaining a Bolivian navy (4,800 troops) that operates on Lake Titicaca and rivers, it has designated March 23 as Marine Day (Bolivia), and has submitted to the International Court of Justice. (In 2018, it was determined that "Chile is not obliged to respond to negotiations, but it will not prevent the continuation of dialogue based on the spirit of good neighbors.").
Located in the southern hemisphere, the Southern Cross can be seen on clear days.
As it was once described as "a beggar sitting on a golden throne", despite having abundant natural resources, in reality it continues to be poor and is still one of the poor countries in Latin America. There are an estimated 14,000 Bolivians of Japanese descent and a Japanese town.
The official name in the official language is Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia in Spanish. The official Quechua spelling is Bulibiya Suyu and the official Aymara spelling is Buliwya. Commonly known as Bolivia [boˈliβia].
On March 18, 2009, the name was changed from República de Bolivia (Republic of Bolivia) to its current name.
The official English notation is Plurinational State of Bolivia. It is commonly known as Bolivia [bəˈliviə].
The Japanese notation is Bolivian Plurinational State. known as Bolivia. Also known as Bolivia. Also, although it is not official, kanji notation such as 'Burehibiya', 'Horibiya', 'Harihi', and 'Harihi' are used. ``Kurekoku'' is often used as an abbreviation of one kanji character.
Prior to the country's independence, it was called Alto Peru (Upper Peru, High Peru), but upon independence it was liberated by General Simon Bolivar, known as the Liberator of Latin America, and General Antonio José de Sucre. In honor of this, the country was named Bolivia and the capital was named Sucre (formerly Charcas).
1500 BC to 250 BC Chilean culture flourishes.
5th to 12th century Tiwanaku culture flourishes.
12th century to 1470 The Aymara kingdoms flourish on the shores of Lake Titicaca.
1470 to 1532 The Aymara kingdoms were based in Cusco, the Quechuan emperors Pachacutek, and with the conquest of Tupac Inca Yupanqui, Tawantin Suyu (Quechua: Tawantin).