Muhammad Ould Abdelaziz

Article

August 8, 2022

Muhammad Ould Abdelaziz (born 20 December 1956) is a Mauritanian military officer and politician. He is a former presidential guard. He came to power in a coup d'état in 2008 and won the presidential election in 2009, serving two ten-year terms as president from the same year. He is the fourth president and tenth head of state.

Biography

In August 2005, he played a leading role in the coup that overthrew President Maouiya Ould Sidi Ahmed Taya. In August 2008, he led another coup, detaining government leaders including Sidi Mohammed Ould Sheikh Abdallai. After the coup, Abdel Aziz assumed the presidency of the High Council of State, which announced a new political shift by holding early, fair and transparent presidential elections. He stepped down as chairman of the Higher Council of State in April 2009 to run for president in June 2009. He formed the military-influential Union of New Party Republics (UPR) and was elected president in June. In August, he was sworn in as the fourth president of the country, making a formal transition to civilian rule. On October 13, 2012, while driving back to the capital Nouakchott from his visit, he was accidentally shot by a military unit stationed along the road and was slightly injured. He was re-elected in the 2014 presidential election. His closest aide, Mohammed Ould Ghazwani, won the 2019 presidential election and stepped down as president on 1 August. On July 9, 2020, the Gazwani government convened an investigative committee to investigate the financial problems of the Abdelaziz government, and many suspicious points were found in oil revenues, the sale of state-owned properties, and the liquidation of state-owned enterprises. . In August of the same year, Abdelaziz had his passport confiscated and was detained in Nouakchott. On March 11, 2021, Abdelaziz was indicted on corruption charges along with 10 of his former aides.

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"Mohammed Ould Abdulaziz" - Kotobank