Mexican National Library

Article

January 18, 2022

The National Library of Mexico (Mexico Kokuritsu Toshokan, Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de México, abbreviated as BNM) is a library located in Mexico City, located in the university city, which is the main campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. It was founded on November 30, 1867. In addition to adopting the legal deposit system as a national library, it also strives to collect foreign books written about Mexico. With 1.25 million books, maps and records, it is one of the largest libraries in Latin America as well as Mexico. Newspapers and other periodicals are collected in the Mexican National Newspaper Library (Hemeroteca Nacional de México) next to the National Library.

History

The collection of the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico, the predecessor of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, formed the first basic collection of the National Library after the dismantling of the university. The decree to establish a national library was issued on October 26, 1833, and the decree of 1846 and 1857 clarified the scope and function of the library: 7-25. The National Library was established by the Presidential Decree of Benito Juarez on November 30, 1867: 31. The decree puts the library in the building of the former San Agustín (es: Antiguo Templo de San Agustín) in the historic center of Mexico City: 32. It was finally opened to the public in 1884: 45. In 1914, the National Library became an affiliate of the National University of Mexico. When the university gained autonomy in 1929, the library left the Ministry of Public Education and became part of the university. A 1936 presidential directive required all publishers to deposit two copies of books, newspapers and magazines. In 1944, newspapers and magazines were separated and the newspaper museum was established. In 1967, the Bibliographic Institute (Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas, IIB) was established to facilitate the management of the national library. In 1979, the National Library was moved to what is now the campus of the National University of Mexico, but the collection of rare books was left in a special room inside the Basilica of San Agustin. Since the building of the cathedral was damaged by the 1985 earthquake, it was decided to add a new annex to the current building of the National Library. The annex opened in 1993.

Business

Many of the services of the National Library are open to the public. There is a search room for books and CD-ROMs, and a dedicated room for maps, educational materials, recordings and recordings, and materials for the blind. Most of the materials in these rooms can be partially duplicated at low cost using equipment in the library. The National Library also offers book cataloging and storage services. You can request a tour of the guided facility.

Rare Book Collection

The Rare Books Collection (Fondo Reservado) houses the library's most valuable books. It holds about 200,000 books, and its users are limited to researchers. The collection is divided into four divisions. Rare books and high-value books. Includes about 170 incunabulas, including the 1498 version of Dante's Divine Comedy. It also holds the first books published in Mexico, the oldest of which are "Recognitio summularum" and "Dialectica resolutio" by Alonso de la Vera Cruz (both 1554). Is. The La Flaga Collection contains materials on Mexican socio-economic history from 1576 to 1924. Old documents, manuscripts, images. Original book collection (Fondo de Origen). It consists of approximately 95,000 materials printed in Europe between 1501 and 1821. Special.

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