Europe (Portuguese / Dutch: Europa Portuguese: [ew.ˈɾɔ.pɐ] Dutch: [øːˈroːpaː, ʏˑˈroːpaˑ]) or Europe is one of the seven major states on earth. The Chinese character notation is European Tomoe.
Geographically, the Bosporas Strait-Marmara Sea-Dadaners Strait, which covers the northwestern peninsula of the Eurasian Continent and connects the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains with the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, and the Black Sea, and the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea, with Asia. It becomes the eastern boundary to be divided.
In terms of area, Europe is the second smallest continent in the world, with 10.18 million km2 occupying 2% of the earth's surface area and 6.8% on land. Russia, with its territory straddling Asia, is the number one country in terms of area and population among the 50 European countries. In contrast, the smallest nation is the Vatican City. The total population is 733 million, second only to Asia and Africa. This is 11% of the total global population.
Europe, especially ancient Greece, is the birthplace of Western civilization. It spread around the world and played a dominant role with the beginning of colonialism after the 16th century. During the 16th and 20th centuries, European nations controlled most of the Americas, Africa, Oceania, the Middle East, and Asia. The two World Wars struck Europe with war, leading to the diminishing influence of Western Europe on the world in the mid-20th century, resulting in the loss of its position to the United States and the Soviet Union (the United States with the collapse of the Soviet Union). It is the only superpower).
The term "Europe" has evolved in various ways as history evolves. The earliest recorded use of Eurṓpē as a geographical term refers to the south coast of the Aegean Sea, in the Homeric Hymns dedicated to Apollo on the island of Delos. The first map of Europe and Asia was created by Hecataeus of Miletus. In his book History, Chapter 4, Greek historian Herodotus suggested that the world was divided into three parts, Europe, Asia and Libya, with the boundaries being the Nile and Rioni. He added that the border between Europe and Asia could be the Don River instead of the Rioni River. The first-century geographer Strabo also considered the eastern border to be the Don River. In the writings of the Flavians and in the Book of Jubilees, each continent is described as being given by Noah to his three sons. There, Europe is a region that extends from the Pillars of Hercules in the Strait of Gibraltar, which borders Libya, to the Don River, which borders Asia.
When we talk about European culture, it is roughly divided into two parts, east and west. "West Europe" is a region formed in the 8th century by combining Latin and the Christian world, and is a confluence of German tradition and Latin Christian culture. "Eastern Europe" becomes "Byzantine Empire". These can also be contrasted with the Islamic world. The Western European region includes the northern Iberian Peninsula, the British Isles, France, the Christianized western Germany, the Alps and northern and central Italy. This idea was influenced by the Carolingian Renaissance, and his Europa word is often found in the letters of Alcuin, who became the cultural minister of Charlemagne. Such cultural and geographical divisions were used until the late Middle Ages, but were no longer suitable during the Age of Discovery. European