The District of Columbia is the capital of the United States of America. Washington D.C. (British: Washington, D.C.)
It is located on the east coast of the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia.
Although it is small as the capital of a superpower and does not have a large population, it is a world city that holds strong international political influence as the seat of the United States federal government, and is also highly important as a financial center. The structure is a planned city designed to serve as a capital city.
It is located on the north bank of the Potomac River, bordered by Virginia to the southwest and Maryland on the other side. According to the 2010 Census, the population is 601,723, making it the 24th largest city in the United States, but during working hours, the population exceeds 1 million due to commuters from the suburbs. The area, centered on Washington, D.C., combined with the two easternmost counties of Maryland, northern Virginia, and West Virginia, is commonly referred to as the "metropolitan area" or "metropolitan area," with a population of 5,582,170 (as of 2010). Census), it ranks 7th in the nation. About 65 kilometers to the northeast is Baltimore, Maryland's largest city, with a population of 620,961 (2010 census). The population of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia metropolitan area, which includes Baltimore and the so-called metropolitan area, is 8,572,971 (2010 Census), the fourth largest in the United States.
Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution provides federal jurisdiction, separate from each state, to serve as the permanent capital. It is home to the three branches of the United States (President's Office ("White House"), Congress (Capitol), and the Supreme Court of the United States), as well as many national monuments and museums (Smithsonian Institution, etc.). It is written.
At the center is the Washington Monument, which stands 169 meters (about 555 feet) high.
The museums in the city's National Mall are among the best in the world in terms of both quality and quantity, and are also a tourist resource. The cherry trees on the shores of the Tidal Basin, an inlet of the Potomac River, are one of the top cherry blossom viewing spots in the United States, hosting the annual National Cherry Blossom Festival.
In addition to 172 embassies, it is also home to the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Organization of American States (OAS), Inter-American Development Bank, and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). It also houses the headquarters of various organizations such as trade unions, lobbyists and trade unions.
Congress has powers in Washington, D.C. Regarding Congress, Washington, D.C. elects non-voting city representatives (delegates) to the House of Representatives, but does not give senators seats. Assuming that Washington, D.C. is a state, compared to other states, it ranks last behind Rhode Island in area and second to last in population (Wyoming is the lowest) in terms of population, but in terms of population density. It ranks 1st in gross state product, 35th in gross state product, and 1st in percentage of blacks, reversing the national majority (non-Hispanic white) and minority populations.
As of 2011, the death penalty has been abolished in Washington, D.C. In the comprehensive world city ranking announced in 2017 by an American think tank, it was rated as the 17th largest city in the world.